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1SY 101 Midterm 2 ReviewChapter 5: GlobalizationWhat is Globalization?
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Globalization & Patterns of Movement of People1)Immigration/Migration:Migration can be attributed to the age-old search for a better life in richer countries- isthe movement of people looking for employmentRemittances are keeping families alive in different countries and are a part ofglobalization: banks are set up to make remittances possibleAnny Hefti says it is the globalization of communications technology- Mass media, tv,film, video has triggered the dream for an “easy life”Due to this- migration has become attractive2)Globalization and Tourism:Tourism is worlds largest industryEcotourism, ethnic tourism, “roots” and heritage tourism are some types of tourism
2Developing countries with financial struggles turn to tourism in the hopes that it willattract foreign exchangeIt is easier for middle class nations to travel VS lower class nations (Canada VS Mexico)Flip Side to Globalization and Tourism: is legal and illegal emigration from developingcountries to more affluent regions like U.S, Canada, European Union3)Globalization and Women’s Work:New female immigrants struggle to find employmentWhen they do get a job, it is usually lower pay and more workEducation is critical in order for women in Canada and the rest of the world to competeas equals in the professional world- school debt is higher for women b/c they are paidlessRecognizing the conditions (health and safety) and inequalities in wage that are presentin the workplacePeople want to change this: is done through protestsGlobalization: The Issues:Movement of goods, services and capital: world tradeGlobalization impacts the world environment, national, and local cultures and governmentsGlobal Organizations:Trade is unfair: works for the advantages of some and disadvantages of others