microbiolgy 255 (1) - This question paper contains 2 pnnted pages Your Roll No 1 131 B A(I-Ions[III French(Old Course Paper XIII Translation J Time 3

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Unformatted text preview: This question paper contains 2 pnnted pages Your Roll No 1 131 B. A. (I-Ions.) [III French (Old Course ) — Paper XIII Translation J Time : 3 hours Maximum Marks 75 (Wnte your Roll No on the top of immedlately on recelpt of this question paper). Traduiscz vers l’anglais (35) Plus de 14 400 malades en attente d’une grcffe d'organe 1. Grace :2. l'élargissement des critércs d'fige du donneur et du receveur, la greffe de poumon est en nette augmentation. En tout, 240 patients out pu en bénéficrer l'an dernier. L'an dernrer en France, 14 400 patients étalent inscnts sur hste d'attente, pour bénéficier d'une greffc d‘organe Seuls 4 580 d'entre eux ont pu recevon' une greffe de coeur. du bloc eteur- poumon, de poumons enttcrs ou d'un seu], d'une grefi‘e de fore, de reins. de pancreas ou encore de I'mtestm. Le non1bre de demandeurs est tOUJOUl'S en progression en 2009 (S % de plus que f'année précédente) méme s'1l a attemt on plateau d'actmté depots 2008 ll faut tin-e que Ics prélevements ct les greffes avalent augmente de 50 % depms I999 pour attetndre un semi en 2008 Dans un contexte caractértse’ par des besoms elevés en greffons, 11 est fondamental que chaque eltoyen fasse connaitre ses volontés de son vwant Car en France, le prmcrpe du consentement presume (qu: ne drt mot consent) au don d'organes a éte’ décrete dans les années 1970. Toute personne est effectwement consrdéree comme consentante :21 moms d'avotr mamfesté de son vtvant une opposmon et s‘étre mscnte au reglstre national des refus de I'Agence de blomédecme Malgré tout. les me’decms ne vont Jamals a I'encontre de la démsmn prise par les proches du défunt Et chaque année, 30 % des families refusent le don d'organe de leur proche qtu went de mourtr «Le probleme des famtlles est de savou‘ sm le pre’ievement va se vonr sur Ie corps 3'11 y aura une cacatnce. exphque 1e Dr Alam Atmault 01‘. 1e naval! des médecms 5m les donneurs est dtgne d'une Intervention chlrurgacale » Le Figarofi 100 Tradulsez vers le francals (40) II. Eurozone economy suffers dramatic plunge The eurozone has plunged deeper into recession, with German exports and investment collapsrng, and France suffering its longest downtum in 60 years. The 16-natlon smgle currency zone shrank by 2 5% 1n the first three months of the year compared With the previous quarter. It IS the worst performance since records began m 1995, and a more severe decline than economists had expected. Compared w1th a year ago, the eurozone's gross domestic product (GDP) fell by a record 4 6%, according to the European Umon‘s statistics office, Eurostat Europe's biggest economy shrank by 3 8% on the quarter and by 6 9% on a year ago The decline, driven by falls m exports and investment. marks the fourth quarter of contraction, Germany's longest slump on record The economy shrank by 2 2% 1n the fourth quarter of last year and by O 5% In each of the two prevrous quarters The euro slipped against the dollar on the news It fell to $1 3598 from $1 3625 before the data, 0 3% down on the day France, the eurozone's second—biggest economy, contracted by 1 2% 1n the first quarter and Ital y the next biggest economy. shrank by 2 4% Before yesterday, France was the only major European economy not to have officrally fallen mto recessron Chrlstme Lagarde, the French finance minister, sald the economy 13 now set to shrink by 3% thls year This IS double the l 5% declme estimated earlier by the government guardian co uk ...
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