dvb050108a4 - build up of plaque in the arteries = heart...

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Principles of Chemistry II © Vanden Bout Important Reaction for Biochemistry Formation of an Amide The don't call them functional groups for nothing Carboxylic Acid R C O OH Primary Amine N H R' H Principles of Chemistry II © Vanden Bout Carboxylic Acid R C O OH Primary Amine N H R' H Amide + Water R C O N R' H + H 2 O Principles of Chemistry II © Vanden Bout Amino Acid C C O OH R H 2 N Carboxylic End and Amine End Can react with itself (or similar molecules) in a chain Principles of Chemistry II © Vanden Bout Polypeptide Two distinct ends N-terminus is an amine C-terminus is a carboxylic acid
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Principles of Chemistry II © Vanden Bout Carboxylic Acid R C O OH Alcohol O H R' Ester + Water R C O O R' + H 2 O Principles of Chemistry II © Vanden Bout Triglycerides Gylcerol OH OH HO Fatty Acid (carboxylic acid with long chain) C 12 H 25 COOH Makes Trigylceride OCC 12 H 25 OCC 12 H 25 C 12 H 25 CO O O O Principles of Chemistry II © Vanden Bout The three fatty acids can all be the same or different High levels of triglycerides is linked to
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Unformatted text preview: build up of plaque in the arteries = heart disease Principles of Chemistry II Vanden Bout Alcohol R OH Alcohol HO R' Ether + Water R O R' + H 2 O Principles of Chemistry II Vanden Bout Sugars Glucose (key factor for sugars lots of hydroxyls) They can react to form chains of sugars polysaccharide Principles of Chemistry II Vanden Bout Celluose Very long ether chain (pretty much all plant material) Principles of Chemistry II Vanden Bout Polysaccharide (Starch) Sugars, Carbohydrates monosaccharides (one) disaccharides (two) polysaccharides (many) Principles of Chemistry II Vanden Bout Condensation Reactions (two molecules make one + water) Carboxylic Acid + Amine = Amide + water Carboxylic Acid + Alcohol = Ester + water Alcohol + Alcohol = Ether + water...
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2008 for the course CH 302 taught by Professor Holcombe during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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dvb050108a4 - build up of plaque in the arteries = heart...

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