History Exam 1 Study Guide - 1 History Exam 1 Study Guide Compromise of 1877 o A deal made by a Republican and Democratic special congressional

History Exam 1 Study Guide - 1 History Exam 1 Study Guide...

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History Exam 1 Study Guide Compromise of 1877 o A deal made by a Republican and Democratic special congressional commission to resolve the disputed presidential elections of 1876; Hayes lost popular vote but would still be declared winner in exchange for the withdrawl of federal troops from involvement in politics in the South…ending the Reconstruction Era o Hayes would win the election if the Republicans agreed to withdraw federal troops from the South, ending Reconstruction. o The Compromise effectively ceded power in the Southern states to the Democratic Redeemers. Gilded Age o Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner’s 1873 novel, the title which became the popular name for the period form the end of the Civil War to the turn of the century Wounded Knee o The last incident if the Indian Wars that took place in 1890 in the Dakota Territory, where the US Cavalry killed over 200 Sioux men, women, and children *Populist Movement o (Populist Party) Founded in 1892, it advocated a variety of reform issues, including free coinage of silver, income tax, postal savings, regulation of railroads, and direct election of the US Senators o (Populist Message) They embraced modern technology while also looking for government regulation, so their methods were not old even though their language was from the 19 th century radicalism o They attempted to speak for all “Producing Classes” *Frontier Thesis o The argument advanced by historian Frederick Jackson Turner in 1893 that American democracy was formed by the American frontier . He stressed the process—the moving frontier line—and the impact it had on pioneers going through the process. Social Darwinism o Application of Charles Darwin’s theory of natural selection to society; used the concept of the “survival of the fittest” to justify class discriminations and to explain poverty *Progressive Movement o (Progressivism) Broad-based reform movement, 1900-1917, that sought government action in solving problems in many areas of American life, including education, public health, the environment, the economy, labor, transportation, and politics Slide Notes Chapter 15: Reconstruction (1865-1877) o Lincoln—“malice toward none; with charity for all.” o 10% Plan Granted pardons to all ex-confederates except the highest-ranking military and civilian officers. Proposed that southern states could be readmitted to the union once 10% of its voters (from the voter rolls for the election of 1860) swore an oath of allegiance to the union. o Wade-Davis The bill stated that a southern state could rejoin the union only if 50% of its registered voters swore an oath of allegiance to the U.S. It demanded a “majority” of white male citizens participate in the creation of the new governments All officers above the rank of lieutenant and all civil officials in the confederacy would be disfranchised and deemed “not a citizen of the United States.” 1
o 13 th Amendment formally abolished slavery o Freedman’s Bureau

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