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Personality Test 3 Review

Personality Test 3 Review - Personality Test Review Chapter...

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Personality Test Review Chapter 11 Key distinction between the humanistic approach and other theories of personality is that people are assumed to be largely responsible for their actions . Humanistic Psychology is rooted in 2 areas o Existential Philosophy (European)- this addresses the meaning of our existence, the role of free will, and the uniqueness of each human being. o Work of American Psychologists like Rogers & Maslow Key Elements of the Humanistic Approach Personal Responsibility - our behaviors represent personal choices of what we want to do at a particular moment The Here and Now - we don’t become fully functioning individuals until we learn to live our lives as they happen (Today is the First Day of the Rest of Your Life) The Phenomenology of the Individual - (cornerstone of HP, no one knows you better than yourself) Personal Growth - people are not content when their immediate needs have been met, but are motivated to continue their development in a positive manner. If left alone, we eventually progress toward some ultimately satisfying state of being which Rogers called becoming a fully-functioning individual. o Self-actualization: Maslow’s term to describe a fully-functioning individual Carl Rogers First therapist to popularize a “person-centered” approach He maintained that people naturally strive to reach an optimal sense of satisfaction with their lives. Identified several characteristics that describe a Fully-Functioning person o Anxiety and Defense - we receive threatening information at a level somewhere below consciousness (subception) Distortion and Denial are defense mechanisms used when receiving threatening information to your self-concept o Conditions of Worth and Unconditional Positive Regard - people deny their weaknesses and faults because they learn to abandon their true feelings and desires and to accept only the parts of themselves that their parents deem appropriate. Abraham Maslow Spent most of his career filling in the gaps he found in other approaches to human personality Wondered what psychology could do for the happy, healthy side of personality. Focused on the conscious aspects of personality Motivation- 2 Types for Needs o Deficiency Motive - results from lack of some needed object o Growth Needs - include the unselfish giving of love to others and the development of one’s unique potential (satisfaction comes from
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expressing the motive) Hierarchy of Needs- 5 basic categories of needs (both deficiency and growth) o Physiological Needs- hunger, thirst, air, and sleep o
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