Unformatted text preview: grounds by proving that the evidence is a valid in supporting the claim or thesis. Backing, I believe, is quite similar to the warrants. However, I think backing is proving to your audience that the evidence you have used can not be interpreted differently by your opposition. Modal Qualifiers involve scope, what degree the argument is being made, and quantity, to whom is the argument directed. Finally, rebuttals simply involve the opposition to the authors argument....
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- Spring '08
- English, Stephen Toulmin, Toulmin Method, modal qualifiers