Intro to International Relations

Intro to International Relations - Intro to IR January 17...

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Unformatted text preview: Intro to IR January 17 Who is the secretary general of the UN? January 22 Missed class January 24 Theories of World Politics (Chapter 2) Paradigm:- a way of looking at a particular subject- structures our inquiry and interpretation by tables or outlines Theory:- hypotheses relating variables- describe, explain and predict- falsifiable and stand the test of time- more complex than a paradigm Constructivism- paradigm based on agreement Geopolitics- geography, state power Current history approach- events rather than theoretical explanations Liberalism- reason and ethics can overcome anarchy- order through cooperation- international institutions key- associated with idealism Aspects:- unity rather than national loyalties- the individual/human rights/civil liberties- ideas and education promote world peace- free international trade- avoid secret diplomacy- terminate interlocking alliances- self-determination of nationalities- promote democracy- begins with President Wilson and his 14 points Criticisms- most leaders do not accept it- institutions still state-dominated- states do what no one else does- people are no better than they ever were Realism:- Anarchy characterizes international system- World politics is a struggle for power- Each state pursues its national interest- Realpolitikprepare for war to preserve peace Aspects- People are selfish, ethically flawed, compete for advantage, lust for power- International politics is a struggle for power- The prime obligation of the state is promoting the national interestraison detat- System requires states to acquire power- Military power most important- Do not trust allies- Resist efforts to control state- Use flexible alliances to maintain a balance of power Criticisms- did not explain cooperation after WWI- many propositions not easily testable- disregards ethical principles- focuses on military might at economic and social expense of states Neorealism:- Accepts much of realism- Behavior determined by relative power- States: same objectives, different capacities- Capacities determine system structure- Global level of analysis- Security as opposed to Power Neoliberalism:- Developed by critics of realism/neorealism- Focuses on IGOs and other non-state actors- Examines cooperation (has to be focused, institutions)- De-emphasize conflict- Points to regional integration, especially EU Feminist Critique:- Women excluded from power in world politics- Male policymakers downplay injustices to women- Sexism is a pillar of war system- Realism inattentive to human rights- Focus on increasing international cooperation Interdependence:- Complex interdependence: growing ties among transnational actors increases both vulnerability and sensitivity- Globalization: o Integration and growing interdependence of states through increasing contact and trade o Creates a global culture of non-state actors (example: money traders) o Decreases the ability of states to control people and events International Regimes:...
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This note was uploaded on 05/03/2008 for the course PO PO 271 taught by Professor Corgan during the Spring '08 term at BU.

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Intro to International Relations - Intro to IR January 17...

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