07-11-14, Cases - Wisconsin v Yoder 406 U.S 205(1972 Facts...

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Wisconsin v. Yoder , 406 U.S. 205 ( 1972 ) Facts : The Amish are a self-sufficient religious community who rely primarily on agriculture to sustain themselves. They reject the materialism of the modern world and interact with it only to the exten necessary. Three members of the Old Amish Order in New Glarus, Wisconsin, were convicted for violating the state’s compulsory education law. The members had refused to send their 14- and 15-year-old children to public school; state law required attendance until the age of 16. Refusing to defend themselves in legal proceedings, the Amish were represented by an outside group of lawyers and professionals sympathetic to their plight. Question : violation of free exercise clause of first amendment? Holding : Yes. Rationale : The evidence showed that the Amish provide continuing informal vocational education to their children designed to prepare them for life in the rural Amish community. The evidence also showed that respondents sincerely believed that high school attendance was contrary to the Amish religion and way of life and that they would endanger their own salvation and that of their children by complying with the law. ...sustained respondents' claim that application of the compulsory school-attendance law to them violated their rights under the Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment, made applicable to the States by the Fourteenth Amendment. Significance : Sherbert v. Verner , 374 U.S. 398 ( 1963 ) Facts : Adeil Sherbert, a member of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, worked as a textile-mill operator. Two years after her conversion to that faith, her employer switched from a five-day to a six-day workweek, including Saturdays. Since God in Exodus 20:8-11 forbade working on Saturdays (seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD thy God), she refused to work that day and was fired. Sherbert could not find any other work and applied for unemployment compensation. Her claim was denied and the Employment Security Commission's decision was affirmed by a state trial court and the South Carolina Supreme Court. Question
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This note was uploaded on 05/02/2008 for the course POLT 30300 taught by Professor Moon during the Fall '07 term at Ithaca College.

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07-11-14, Cases - Wisconsin v Yoder 406 U.S 205(1972 Facts...

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