Phobiasaredividedintothreemaincategories2 - Fears and...

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Fears and Phobias I’m sure everyone has come across phobic individuals at least once. Some phobias are easy to handle because the phobic individual might not have to deal with their phobia on a daily basis. Someone afraid of spiders probably doesn’t come across one every day thus it doesn’t really affect their life much. Some other phobias can be very destructive and manipulate people’s life so that they have to rearrange their lives so as to avoid their phobia. Being phobic is not unusual Several famous persons have phobias. One of them is Michael Jackson. He is having what is called Bacteriophobia/Microbiophobia- the fear of microbes, bacteria. That’s why he is always wearing a mask around his mouth or throws away his children toys when they touch the ground. Great military leaders such as Napoleon and Alexander the Great had ailourophobia the phobia of cats. Phobias make no distinction. They attack men or women ,children or elderly, rich or poor. According to N.I.M.H.(National Institute of Mental Healthcare) 50 million persons in the U.S.A. suffer from some kinds of phobias. Phobia is not as some people think realistic fear. Fear is simply an unpleasant feeling of perceived risk or danger, whether it be real or imagined. Phobia on the other hand is a persistent irrational fear that causes a person to feel extreme anxiety. When people have a phobic reaction to a situation, a condition, or a thing, they may experience sweating, increased heart rate, difficulty in breathing, and an overwhelming desire to run away. It is important to note that a number of neologisms have appeared with the suffix-phobia which are not phobias in a clinical sense but rather describe the negative attitude towards something such as Xenophobia - fear of strangers and foreigners. Phobias are divided into three main categories: social phobias, in which the individual suffer from a paralyzing dread of social or professional encounter; panic disorders, in which the sufferer is occasionally attacked by a sudden overwhelming fear for no apparent reason; and specific phobias, in which the person has a horror of a single thing, such as spiders, traveling by a plane, or closed areas. Some scientists believe that specific phobias such as fear of insects and animals, the dark and dangerous situations such as falling from a high place, and the fear of blood reflect fears that have enabled the human species to survive. Because of a keen development of the fear and flight response of our ancient ancestors over many centuries, millions have inherited
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Phobiasaredividedintothreemaincategories2 - Fears and...

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