Christianity Glossary

Christianity Glossary - CHRISTIANITY TERMS 30 CE: Date of...

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CHRISTIANITY TERMS 30 CE : Date of what Christians believe to be the Crucifixion, Resurrection, and Ascension of Jesus, and of Pentecost, the birthday of the Christian church (inclusively understood). 380 CE : Date when Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire; thus also of the so-called "marriage of Church and State" and the legacy of that "marriage" over time, known as "the Constantinian heritage." The use of Christianity by the Roman Government to serve its own purposes and the cooperation of the Church with Roman Imperial interests had begun much earlier in the first quarter of the century with Constantine. 1054 CE : Date of the so-called "Great Schism" in which the Eastern Orthodox tradition and the Roman Catholic tradition (or the Western Church) historically were thought to have separated. 1517 CE : Traditional date on which Martin Luther nailed a long list of complaints against the Roman Catholic church to the door of Wittenberg Castle for the purpose of public debate, but which became (unknown to him at the time) the fateful beginning of the Protestant Reformation. Anabaptist : (lit., "rebaptizer"). One or another of several groups making up the radical wing of the Protestant Reformation, which rejected the validity of infant baptism and insisted that only persons making a self-conscious choice for themselves to depart from "the kingdoms of this world" and embrace "the kingdom of our Lord Jesus Christ" were truly Christians, for whom baptism by immersion was the appropriate outward testimony. They insisted that Christians were called to live a lifestyle distinct from that of the common culture and that the Constantinian heritage of a state church was an abomination. apostolic : Pertaining to the work or commission of an apostle (lit., "one sent on behalf of another) of Jesus Christ. The twelve men which Jesus gathered around himself were called apostles. Later, bishops in the early church were regarded as successors to the apostles, generation after generation, and carrying that title. The work of bishops and priests and, by extension, the work of a humble lay person done on behalf of Jesus and what is understood to be his ongoing ministry (e.g., in proclaiming the Gospel), is called "apostolic." Aquinas (or rather, Thomas Aquinas) (1225-1274 CE): One of the very greatest of Christian philosophers and theologians, who lived, taught, and wrote in the 13th century in central Europe. He is widely recognized as having shown how the Christian faith and pagan Greek philosophy in its most challenging form, the systematic thought of Aristotle, could be reconciled without compromise to either faith or philosophy. Roman Catholics consider him the greatest of Christian philosophers and theologians. Augustine
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Christianity Glossary - CHRISTIANITY TERMS 30 CE: Date of...

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