Final Exam Study Guide

Final Exam Study Guide - 1. Internalist versus externalist...

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Final Exam Study Guide: I. Locke A. Arguments for indirect realism. 1. Perceptual variation. 2. Illusion cases. B. Primary secondary quality distinction. 1. The view/motivation for the view. 2. Arguments for the view. i. Almond argument (and response) ii. Fire example (and response) iii. Inverted spectrum. II. Berkeley A. Initial argument. 1. How the direct realist would respond. 2. How the indirect realist would respond. B. Against the direct realist. 1. Why illusion cases will not work. 2. Assimilation argument. 3. Perceptual variation. (like I.A.1.) C. Against the indirect realist with resemblance. 1. Arguments against primary work against secondary. 2. "An idea can be like nothing but another idea" 3. Skeptical variations 4. Inseparability argument D. Against the indirect realist without resemblance.
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Unformatted text preview: 1. Internalist versus externalist interpretation. 2. Reasons to prefer idealism. i. Intelligibility ii. Simplicity iii. Common sense iv. Mind/Body problem III. Hume A. The problem 1. Relations of ideas vs. Matters of Fact. 2. Knowledge of unobserved matters of fact. 3. How our reasoning works (i.e. deductive inference in disguise with implicit premise). 4. Why the implicit belief of the uniformity of nature is unjustified. i. Why it's circular. ii. The counterinductionist challenge. B. Hume's solution. 1. Habit and epistemic acceptability. 2. Seeming implications of this solution. C. The new riddle of induction. 1. Inductive reasoning. 2. Grue and green. 3. How the time response to the Grue example fails....
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