Cold War Term Sheet (1) - The Cold War Pages 867 This is...

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The Cold War Pages 867 - * This is the basic format. You are encouraged to use much more space that provided here. The blank box will expand as you write more information. Sufficient detail is necessary for a good grade. Subject Subject Summary Aftermath of WWII 170462 Cold War The new conflict that succeeded WWII that dominated European and world politics for over 40 years. Stemmed form military political and ideological differences especially between the US and Soviet Union Conference in Tehran - 1943 Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill met at Tehran, Iran in Nov 1943 to decide the future course of the war. Their major tactical decision concerned the final assault on Germany which was decided to be a British-American invasion from France. The Allies also agreed to partition postwar Germany Yalta Conference - 1945 Roosevelt sought Soviet military help against Japan. Stalin’s price for his assistance was possession of Sakhalin and the Kurile islands as well as two warm water ports and railroad rights in Manchuria. The creation of United Nations was a major American concern at Yalta and the first meeting was set to be held in San Francisco in April 1945 Intensifying Differences The Soviets viewed the United States’ termination of Lend-Lease aid before the war was over and not responding to the Soviets request for a $6 billion loan for reconstruction as a desire to keep the Soviet state weak. To the Americans, the Soviets were asserting control of Eastern European countries under puppet communist regimes. Potsdam Conference - 1945 The conference began under mistrust because Truman had assumed presidency after Roosevelt’s death three months before. During the conference Truman had received word that the atomic bomb had been successfully tested. Many speculate that this knowledge resulted in Truman’s stifled resolve against the Soviets. Emergence of the Cold War Soviets did not view their actions as dangerous expansionism but as legitimate security measures. Many in the west interpreted Soviet policy as part of a worldwide communist conspiracy. The Soviets viewed Western, specifically American policy as nothing less than global capitalist expansionism. Churchill delivered a speech the declared an iron curtain had been descended across tha continent dividing Germany and Europe into two hostile camps. Stalin branded this speech a call to war with the Soviet Union Disagreement over Eastern Europe Eastern Europe was the first area of disagreement. The US and Britain had championed democratic freedom for the liberated nations of Eastern Europe but Stalin fearful of nations returning to anti-Soviet attitudes opposed the West’s plans. Truman Doctrine - 1947 That the United States would provide financial aid to countries that claimed they were threatened by Communist expansion. If the Soviets were not stopped in Greece then the US would have to face the spread
of communism throughout the free world.

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