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The New Age of ImperialismPages 723 - 759This is the basic format. You are encouraged to use much more space that provided here. The blankbox will expand as you write more information. Sufficient detail is necessary for a good grade.Person/Place/EventWhat Came Before, Describe, What Came After?The New ImperialismCauses of ImperialismThe existence of competitive nation-states and growing nationalism. Many countries sought to acquire islands and land in Africa and Asia toassert their power. Countries that were not a part of the program were seen as weak. Social Darwinist InfluencesMany saw the struggle between nations as a race to prove superiority. The dominant race should showcase their strength by military force and assert their prowess over inferior races. Essentially the white man did their best to ensure that the black man, yellow man, and brown manremain inferior and this was their way of doing so. In turn, these actions have led to the deterioration of humanity where people do not talk about problems but instead are violent and hope for the best. Religious MotivesEuropeans used religion as an excuse for Imperialism claiming that it was their Christian duty to “civilize ignorant peoples” This overt racism and belief of superiority of their civilization obligated them to impose modern industries.Economic MotivesThere was a great demand for natural resources and products not foundin western countries such as rubber, oil and tin. Instead of trading for these products, European investors advocated direct control of the areas where the raw materials were found. Scramble for AfricaEuropeans controlled very little of the African continent before 1880 but the quest for colonies became so intense that all major European states engaged in a land grab. Map: List European Colonies in Africa, p. 706Rio de OroMoroccoAlgeriaLibyaEgyptSudanEritreaUgandaKenyaFrench Equatorial AfricaSenegalGambiaGuineaSierra LeoneFrench West AfricaNigeriaCameroonsBelgian CongoAngola
German Southwest AfricaSouth AfricaNorthern Rhodesia Southern RhodesiaBechuanalandGerman East AfricaSomalilandMap: List European Colonies in Asia, p. 707IndiaCeylonBurmaBhutanFrench Indo-ChinaMalay StatesBorneoSarawakCelebesJavaBaliTimorNew GuineaAustraliaResponses to ImperialismAccustomed to rule by small elites most people simply accepted their new governors, making Western rule fairly easy. Traditionalists sought to maintain their culture. Modernists accepted Western culture under the belief that they would be able to use this knowledge to free themselves from the reign of their oppressors.AfricaDuring the first quarter of the twentieth century, in colonial societies across Africa, educated natives began to organize political parties and movements seeking the end of foreign rule. The African people empowered themselves by use of their oppressors education and used itagainst them.