Imperialism Term Sheet - The New Age of Imperialism Pages...

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The New Age of Imperialism Pages 723 - 759 This is the basic format. You are encouraged to use much more space that provided here. The blank box will expand as you write more information. Sufficient detail is necessary for a good grade. Person/Place/Event What Came Before, Describe, What Came After? The New Imperialism Causes of Imperialism The existence of competitive nation-states and growing nationalism. Many countries sought to acquire islands and land in Africa and Asia to assert their power. Countries that were not a part of the program were seen as weak. Social Darwinist Influences Many saw the struggle between nations as a race to prove superiority. The dominant race should showcase their strength by military force and assert their prowess over inferior races. Essentially the white man did their best to ensure that the black man, yellow man, and brown man remain inferior and this was their way of doing so. In turn, these actions have led to the deterioration of humanity where people do not talk about problems but instead are violent and hope for the best. Religious Motives Europeans used religion as an excuse for Imperialism claiming that it was their Christian duty to “civilize ignorant peoples” This overt racism and belief of superiority of their civilization obligated them to impose modern industries. Economic Motives There was a great demand for natural resources and products not found in western countries such as rubber, oil and tin. Instead of trading for these products, European investors advocated direct control of the areas where the raw materials were found. Scramble for Africa Europeans controlled very little of the African continent before 1880 but the quest for colonies became so intense that all major European states engaged in a land grab. Map : List European Colonies in Africa, p. 706 Rio de Oro Morocco Algeria Libya Egypt Sudan Eritrea Uganda Kenya French Equatorial Africa Senegal Gambia Guinea Sierra Leone French West Africa Nigeria Cameroons Belgian Congo Angola
German Southwest Africa South Africa Northern Rhodesia Southern Rhodesia Bechuanaland German East Africa Somaliland Map : List European Colonies in Asia, p. 707 India Ceylon Burma Bhutan French Indo-China Malay States Borneo Sarawak Celebes Java Bali Timor New Guinea Australia Responses to Imperialism Accustomed to rule by small elites most people simply accepted their new governors, making Western rule fairly easy. Traditionalists sought to maintain their culture. Modernists accepted Western culture under the belief that they would be able to use this knowledge to free themselves from the reign of their oppressors. Africa During the first quarter of the twentieth century, in colonial societies across Africa, educated natives began to organize political parties and movements seeking the end of foreign rule. The African people empowered themselves by use of their oppressors education and used it against them.

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