midterm review for journalism - Identifications Johannes...

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Identifications: Johannes Gutenberg : 1450 1450  spreading of information  gave rise to modernism, ended the renaissance Knowledge was no longer the exclusive property of the privileged  class.  posed a threat to the nobility and clergy,  Ex. Martin Luther used it to publish his 95 Theses.  Led to the enlightenment (humans in charge of their on destiny’s.)  Silence Dogood : 1722 penname in the  New-England Courant  by James Franklin poking fun at the city’s morals and manners  1722  lashed out at the hypocrisy in religion,  Authorities made no attempt to suppress the Silence Dogood  When paper was passed on to Ben it took a different turn which  James was unhappy with. Ben ultimately runs away and eventually  takes over the  Pennsylvania Gazette Courant was first American newspaper, led to the beginning of  journalism in the colonies, first time people mocked authorities Common Sense
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A pamphlet by Thomas Paine.  just as important in spreading revolutionary sentiment as  newspapers.   Paine Spent most of his life in England. Came shortly before  the  war o Godfather of the American Nation. Paine’s work did more to  bring about the Declaration of Independence then anyone  else’s. Key document that swayed the impartial people to the  side of the revolution. (originally 1/3 wanted revolution, 1/3 didn’t  want revolution, 1/3 impartial to the revolution.)  the first major writer with a large audience who called for the  abolition of slavery.  Pamphlet condemned monarchy. Said it was stupid that American  was being controlled by a nation across the sea. Pointed out that  many of the British rules, conceived by stupid office holders, were  utterly senseless,  archetypal call for revolution. Published in 1775, the year the war broke out. 150,000 copies.  Taverns very important social sites  one of the first times an idea was massed produced to sway the  public. Affected history by starting revolutionary sentiment.  The Boston Gazette The first significant newspaper to really advocate the revolution. Edited by Benjamin Edes and John Gill.  1764 starts to take a hard position against England. Differences can  not be reconciled with King because stamp act.  Samuel Adams wrote for the paper  one of the founders of the Sons of Liberty. Wanted independence  from Britain  Plotted the Boston Tea Party and the Boston Massacre.
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