CS-325-A-Digital-Media-Exam-Review - CS 325 A Digital Media Culture Course Website www.instituting.net/cs3251a Username CS325AFall2015 Password

CS-325-A-Digital-Media-Exam-Review - CS 325 A Digital Media...

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CS 325 A Digital Media & Culture Course Website: Username: CS325AFall2015 Password: cs325AProtocol Week One Primary Characteristics of New Media: a. Computerized Computer - A machine that transforms information with a particular end in mind - Input leads to output following a particular set of rules - Programmable - Calculations can be automated b. Networked, distributed and a packet-based system Evolution of the electronic computer 1. Vacuum tubes 2. Transistors 3. Integrated circuits & microprocessors Week 2 The primary characteristics of digital media Electronic digital computer - An electronic computer that stores data in terms of binary digits – bits (8bits+ 1 byte) - Bits take the form of the presence or absence of magnetic markers in a storage medium - In digital computing letter, words and images are represented digitally ASCII digital representation: 8 bits (numbers) Digital - Digitized data can be easily manipulated, copied, stored & compressed - It can be electronically transmitted instantaneously - Non-digital or continuous information (analog) can be digitized - And therefore may be readily manipulated by digital computer processes Manovich’s 5 key features of computerization media (NMVAT) 1. Numerical representation - Representation of all new media objects as digital code (0 – 1) - Numerical representation renders “all media programmable” - New media objects are able to be described mathematically , and that new media objects are subject to algorithmic manipulation
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2. Modularity - The degree to which a systems components may be separated and recombined - The structure of a webpage for instance, contains many elements that can be manipulated - Images, text, movies all are store separately but function as a whole 3. Variability - A digital product is not fixed , but can exist in different, potentially infinite versions - The elements and the structure are by definition, independent of each other - Variability is a consequence of numerical representation and modularity 4. Automation - Computers allow us to externalise and repeat human capabilities, over and over again - Low level automation: auto-complete - High level automation: artificial intelligence 5. Transcoding - Our understanding of the world is influenced by the way computers function - New media in general can be thought of as consisting from two distinct layers: the “cultural layer” and the “computer layer.” Transcoding & computerized culture - The computer has become less of a tool and more of a universal media machine - Seeing the world in terms of computer processes (understand the world through computer processing, Thailand - patterns in clothing, architecture of the landscape) - Intel Batik Week 3: The secondary characteristics of digital media - The Internet is a distributed, packet-based network 2. Networked - Produced, distributed and consumed the two-way network infrastructures in a variety of ways (internet, mobile phones) A Distributed Network 1. Centralized - Everyone rooted to a central hub 2. Decentralized - Multiple centralized hubs 3. Distributed - No central node, communication all over - Developed by Paul B. to maximize communication networks during the war
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