Group_Paper_Outline (Updated 3-26-2006)

Group_Paper_Outline (Updated 3-26-2006) - A. Introduction...

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A. Introduction 1) Thesis : This paper will examine the historical progression, formation, and detailed structure of the Social Security Program as well as national perceptions, global comparisons, the role of transfer funds in national economics, the characterization of Social Security as a program in crisis, and finally suggest possible solutions for the successful reformation of the program in American society. B. Historical Progression 1) English Poor Laws : In 1601 the first systematic codification of English ideas about the responsibility of the state to provide for the welfare of its citizens was developed. a) Provided for taxation to fund relief activities. b) Distinguished between the “deserving” and “undeserving” poor. c) Relief was local and community controlled. d) Law was simultaneously generous and harsh. e) There were a series of changes and reforms to the Laws over the years but this was the essential structure that the pilgrims brought with them when they journeyed to the American colonies. f) It was up to local town elders in the colonies to decide who was worthy of support and how that support would be provided. 2) For much of the 18th and 19th centuries most poverty relief was provided in the almshouses and poorhouses. 3) Relief was made as unpleasant as possible in order to "discourage" dependency. 4) Those receiving relief could lose their personal property, the right to vote, the right to move, and in some cases were required to wear a large "P" on their clothing to announce their status. 5) Support outside the institutions was called "outdoor relief" and was looked upon with distrust by most citizens. a) It was felt that "outdoor relief" made things too easy on the poor who should be discouraged from the habit of poverty in every way possible. b) Nevertheless, due the expensiveness of constructing and operating poorhouses, some “outdoor relief” did emerge. 6) Retirement, a feature of life we now take so much for granted, was not always readily available, and it was a struggle to develop adequate systems of retirement. 7) One of the first people to propose a scheme for retirement security that is recognizable as a forerunner of modern social insurance was Revolutionary War figure Thomas Paine. a) Agrarian Justice : Paine’s last great pamphlet published in the winter of 1795, called for the establishment of a public system of economic security for the new nation.
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8) Although Social Security did not really arrive in America until 1935, there was one important precursor that offered something recognizable as a
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Group_Paper_Outline (Updated 3-26-2006) - A. Introduction...

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