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Unformatted text preview: Cultural Anthropology and Human Diversity Examination 1: Essay Question 2 3OCT2007 According to anthropologist Charles Hockett, the author of the article “The Origin of Speech,” there is a set of 13 design features that differentiate the communication systems of man from that of other animals. Hockett also asserts that these design features also give proof to the assertion that the societies of South African Bushmen are equally as complex as that of a “cultivated Frenchman.” 1 Before we start examine the concept of “culture” and its ties to society, let’s examine some of the design features which Hockett used to identify exactly how the hominid language differs from the communication methods of insects and other animals. The first design feature, labeled the vocal auditory channel, is the most straight forward and yet a major difference between human language and animal communication. The vocal auditory channel allows humans to communicate without requiring the rest of body for communicative gesturing as is seen very commonly among insects such as bees. Another design feature, which further illustrates the difference between the human and animal communication systems, is labeled total feedback. With total feedback, we are able to internalize communication that leads to human thought. The third and fourth major design features, semanticity and arbitrary-ness, are largely interrelated and have...
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This note was uploaded on 05/03/2008 for the course ASTRO 107 taught by Professor Burns during the Spring '08 term at MATC Madison.
- Spring '08