Course Hero Logo

final.docx - Chapter 8 – “Race” and Ethnicity Introduction...

Course Hero uses AI to attempt to automatically extract content from documents to surface to you and others so you can study better, e.g., in search results, to enrich docs, and more. This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 20 pages.

Chapter 8 – “Race” and EthnicityIntroduction to “race”-“race” was first applied to humans during European colonial expansion in the 16thand 17thcenturies-reflects beliefs about biological superiority and inferiority-does not exist as clear biological entities among humans-difficulty defining how many races there are-differences within races are greater than between them-racializationis a social process in which human groups are viewed and judged as essentially different interms of their-intellect-morality-values-innate worth-because of perceived differences in physical appearance or cultural heritageIndigenous peoples in Canada-indigenous people have been living in what is now Canada for at least 14,000 years-the indigenous population was racialized in the 16thcentury in the context of European colonization-the indigenous population was racialized in the 16thcentury in the context of European colonization-settlers and their descendants have lived in Canada for only 3.3% of its history, yet Indigenous history islargely ignored-Indigenous people tend to be studies mainly outsiders and predominantly from the perspective of socialproblems-Indigenous peoples are defined by a complex system of legal statuses that separates them from non-Indigenous peoples, and from each other-legal designations include: registered Indian, Bill C-31, band member, reserve residents, treatyIndian, Métis, Eskimo-legal differences stem from theIndian Act(1876) and are administered by the federal department ofIndigenous and Northern Affairs-until 1985, the Indian Act only recognized men as “registered Indian”; women’s status wasderived from the man to whom they married; children’s from their father-Inuit have been in Canada for a shorter time and occupy Arctic territory-Métis are the descendants of French fur traders and Cree women
Blacks in Canada-black communities have existed in Nova Scotia since the British Proclamation of 17779-offered freedom to slaves who left their American masters to fight for the British in theAmerican Revolution-population in Canada fluctuated, but remained low until the 1970s-in 2011, the black community was the third largest visible minority group in Canada with a population of945,665-despite their long history in Canada, black Canadians are frequently viewed and treated as newcomersor “the Other”-black people are overrepresented in the criminal justice system-lack of opportunity-racial profiling-do not from education as others-slightly more likely to hold university degrees than others-lower average income than othersFour elements of racism-racialization: construction of certain groups of people as different and biologically superior or inferior-prejudice: pre-judgment of others on the basis of their group membership-discrimination: differential treatment – rewarded or punished – of individuals based on their groupmembership-power:manifested when institutionalized advantages are regularly handed to one or more groups overothersThree kinds of racism-racial bigotry:open, conscious expression of racist views by an individual-institutional or systemic racism: racist practices, rules, and laws have become institutionalized

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 20 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Spring
Professor
Jean-BaptisteMarioSamedy

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture