Anthro 3-10-08 - 3 Different Kinds of Reciprocity to market...

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3 Different Kinds of Reciprocity to market economy 1) Generalized 2) Balanced 3) Negative Great social distance in a market economy, this fits very well with the rest of the culture. Social Distance is the amount of familiarity that you have with people. You know the number of people in the community in small societies. We have a great distance between students and teachers. Unidimensional relationships. In our society, if you move to a smaller town, social distances decrease but the quality decreases as well. Neighbor relations: 1) Could be friends 2) Take care of custodial duties of household 3) Postmistress 4) Neighbor is also wife of the town cop 5) Both parents of school aged children *Proves this relationship is multi-layered When anthropologists go to other societies, they spend a lot of time looking at the economy. They don't look at the field of economics but how the economy works, such as trade, occupations, products, consumption of said products, etc. This is where the subspecialty of Anthropological Economics comes to play. Three Major Parts of the Economy 1) Production: Making, or gathering, things 2) Distribution: Moving things around 3) Consumption: Using things Economic Anthropologists are concerned with stuff ! We are concerned about material things. What makes this different from everyday economics is that when we produce, distribute, and consume things but also the meanings attached to those things. They are concerned about the
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meanings invested in these objects. The clumsy thinking that occurs in the beginning of disciplines A taxonomy is a classification system that was used by anthropologists when analyzing subsistence strategies. A subsistence strategy is how you get what you need to do to sustain your life (food, shelter, etc.). EX: Food Collectors (Hunter/Gatherers) VS Food Producers (Agriculturalist, and Pastoralist Societies) Food Collectors: You can only hunt what is already there. Food Producers: Agriculturalists are dependent on plants you can produce. Pastoralists are dependent upon the animals which can be domesticated and herded. Domestication is different than just taming something. Domestication is based upon adaptation to an environment, breeding for tameness (genetic engineering) and making them dependent upon you. Environments start to become dependent upon plants and animals that are
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Anthro 3-10-08 - 3 Different Kinds of Reciprocity to market...

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