detailed_lecture_notes - Lecture 1 Myth/world view o It is...

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Lecture 1 Myth/world view o It is often thought of as something that is not true, a made up story to describe something, but a myth describes a world view, a conception. Myths of our own are spread through information technology. Scientific Materialism as a contemporary world view o Way of describing the universe in terms of atomic physics. Describes the large scale structure of the universe and describes the nature of living organisms, though not the origin of life. Describes the chemistry and biology of who we are. When applying this to the brain, it’s good at describing the workings of the brain, though it hasn’t gotten anywhere in describing the mind. William James and radical empiricism o William James – first psychology professor in the US and the first experimental neuroscientist who tried to describe the internal mental experiences in the mind. o It is known that one of the greatest challenges in contemporary neuroscience is to develop better methods to understand mental experiences. o Radical empiricism – everything that had any possible relevance for helping understand the question was game for scientific investigation. Terminology: Drug, pharmacology, ethnobotany o Drug – an exogenous chemical which in relatively small amounts has effects on physiology (functioning of the organism). “relatively small amounts” because anything could kill you if you put enough amounts of it. Psychoactive drugs – effects on mental function. o Pharmacology – how drug chemicals interact with our body. How the drug is absorbed, how it’s distributed, mechanisms of action, how it’s metabolized and eliminated. o Ethnobotany – study of the relationships between plants and the people who have come to know them. o Ethnopharmacology – study of the chemicals that come from the plants used by indigenous people. o Psychopharmacology – the study of how psychoactive drugs interact with the body and the mind. Pharmako/ medicine / poison o Pharmako is Greek meaning medicine and poison at the same time. It could be two at the same time because it all depends on the amount of dose a person has with a certain substance. Power plant, plant ally o Power plant – plants that have to power to do things to people. * o Plant ally – something that helps you.
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o Plant people – herbalist, shamans, curanderos, witch doctors, medicine men, etc. Paul Satre – Nausea describes a deep fear or respect for the power that plants have. Biblical Genesis story / forbidden nature of plant knowledge o Painting by Michelangelo o Power plants which are sources of knowledge are dangerous and forbidden. Uses of plants that haven’t been approved for use are not only forbidden, but they’re dangerous in the sense that usage of it results in severe punishment. The war on drugs is very much a war on plants that haven’t been approved.
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detailed_lecture_notes - Lecture 1 Myth/world view o It is...

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