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extra credit 2 - may occur is the differences in cultures....

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The Culture-Cognition Connection By Lea Winerman This article shows differences in how Americans and Chinese think. Americans, as a community, tend to focus on the major aspects of a picture, with less concern for the small details. The Chinese look at the entire image, gaining a greater grasp of the whole, though with less details on the major concepts. Also, in recalling aspects of images, Americans usually categorize, such as all animals, then all nature, while Chinese recall in relationships, with the animal eating the grass, etc. These discoveries are revolutionary, because it shows a nature-aspect to the most basic cognitive processes, such as “categorization, learning, causal reasoning and even attention and perception” (p. 86). Once again, the nature versus nurture debate is apparent, with this argument vouching for nature. One of the possible reasons that this
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Unformatted text preview: may occur is the differences in cultures. Asians culture promotes group harmony, and they think more holistically. On the other hand, Western culture emphasizes personal independence, with the community relying more heavily on analytic thought and categories. This discovery is significant because it could change the way individuals are taught. According to Heejung Kim, PhD, Asians may think and reason in a less readily verbalizable way than Westerners (p. 87). Therefore, in a Western setting, Asians may have trouble with their performances. This discrepancy needs to be accounted for, and the cultures must be willing to find a center ground where both communities can find success when in extraneous situations....
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