mystudyguide - HISTORY 265-01 POSTWAR JAPAN Summer 2007...

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HISTORY 265-01 POSTWAR JAPAN Summer 2007 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE Please be prepared to answer the following questions under each topic heading below. There will be a number of questions (probably 20-25) or combinations of questions selected from among those listed below. Some questions may be more difficult to answer or require a more in-depth answer than others, but each question will be worth the same number of points. In most cases, you will need to give 1-2 Bluebook page-length answers. JAPANESE POLITICS/GERALD CURTIS’S THE LOGIC OF JAPANESE POLITICS 1) According to Gerald Curtis, what were the four crucial pillars supporting the so-called “1955 political system” in Japan? - a public consensus in support of policies to achieve the catch-up-with the West goal. - the existence of powerful integrative interest groups - a prestigious and high – morale bureaucracy with a clear sense of mission - one-party dominance There were four crucial pillars supporting the ’55 system: a. Pervasive public consensus in support of policies to achieve the catch-up-with-the-West goal b. The presence of large integrative interest groups with close links to political parties c. A bureaucracy of immense prestige and power d. A system of a one-party dominance 2) According to Gerald Curtis, what are the factors weakening the postwar Japanese political system? Explain. - Loss of a public consensus: shifted away from pure economic goal of catching up to the west (GNPism) to demand for other stuff. - Powerful integrative interest groups were fragmented - labor unions, big business, farmers, etc. too big to unify, began to have more diverse interests and weren’t as cohesive. Led to rise of special interest groups instead. - Bureaucracy wracked by scandal - erosion of the LDP’s support base due to factional struggle, corruption, and Recent international events such as the end of the cold war and the bursting of the economic bubble. No more worries about socialists opposition aligning with communists. - shifting alliances Factors that weakened the Post-war political (1 and ½ system): 1. The loss of public consensus on national goal to build economic power 2. The existence of powerful integrated interest groups (farmers, big business) that became fragmented 3. A bureaucracy that was racked by scandals 4. The erosion/collapse of the LDP 3) What political function did the Socialist Party and other Leftist parties and groups have in the so-called 1955 political system? Explain. The Japanese Socialist Party was the self-proclaimed voice of what was modern and progressive. The JSP and other leftist group’s goals were to drive the LDP out of power. However, people didn’t want radical change to basic domestic and foreign policies so it was difficult to decipher exactly what these parties intended to focus on so they attacked how the LDP behaved.
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4) What are the main points of the “Yoshida Doctrine?” - Economic growth as a national goal, with government involvement, not laissez faire. - Remain lightly armed and avoid involvement in international military/strategic issues.
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This note was uploaded on 05/03/2008 for the course HIST 265 taught by Professor Skya during the Summer '07 term at William & Mary.

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mystudyguide - HISTORY 265-01 POSTWAR JAPAN Summer 2007...

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