LEC C- Epistemology

LEC C- Epistemology - THE ALLEGORY of the CAVE prisoners...

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THE QUESTION of EPISTEMOLOGY
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Epistemology - that branch of philosophy which attempts to ascertain to what degree knowledge is possible, and which examines the structure and function of all ways of knowing.
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Importance of Epistemology we want to grasp reality a claim to reality privileges our beliefs this, in turn, gives us a claim to power
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Approaches to Epistemology Monism identity of thought and object Dualism thought not identical with object Monism gives certainty Dualism gives approximation
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“The things we are certain of  are usually idols; God can  not be contained in a  doctrine.” Tinder, 19
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The Consequences of Epistemological Dualism abandons absolutes stresses intersubjective agreement emphasizes methodology reminds us of the relation of values and methodology “Feeling necessarily plays a large part in searching for the truth.” Tinder, 6
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Plato (427-347 BCE) & Epistemology
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THE ALLEGORY of the CAVE
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Unformatted text preview: THE ALLEGORY of the CAVE prisoners mistake appearance for reality “To them…the truth would be literally nothing but the shadow of the images.” problems with the naming of things The Chains habit ignorance self-interest fear The Doctrine of the Forms The Concept of Epiphany The Allegory of the Cave-revisited prisoners mistake appearance for reality “To them…the truth would be literally nothing but the shadow of the images.” problems with the naming of things NOTA BENE Plato suggests that the general terms of our language are not “names” of the physical objects we can see. They are names of things we can not see, things we can only grasp with our minds. NOTA BENE When the prisoners are released from the cave they turn their heads and see real objects. This is analogous to the ability to grasp the Forms with our mind. Aristotle (384-322 BCE) & Empiricism...
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LEC C- Epistemology - THE ALLEGORY of the CAVE prisoners...

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