POSC 1123 EXAM THREE STUDY GUIDE Michael J. Nojeim, Prairie View A&M University Below please find vocabulary terms and specific questions that will help you prepare for Exam One. 1.[Begin Chapter 7.]The common law system and how it impacted judges. 2.What is a potential downfall of asking judges to make decisions based on the written law alone? 3.What authority/power do appeals courts have? (HINT: can they examine procedures of lower courts? Can they overturn guilty verdicts of lower courts?) 4.Original vs. appellate jurisdiction. 5.Concurrent jurisdiction. 6.Which courts in Texas have original jurisdiction in all felony criminal cases, divorce cases, and cases involving title to land? 7.An adversarial vs. inquisitorial court system. 8.Don Willett, a Supreme Court justice in Texas since 2005, ran a campaign advertisement touting his history defending the “the right of Texas” to displaythe Ten Commandments, claiming that he “fought the liberals who tried toremove the words ‘under God’ from the Pledge of Allegiance.” Why might thisraise questions regarding his capability and independence? 9.What kind of courts does the Texas Legislature establish? (HINT: constitutional courts? County courts? Statutory courts? Other?) 10.For which type of court are the requirements for being a judge most rigorous? 11.Which types of judges (and in which types of courts) do the judges not need a law license? 12.The defining demographic characteristics of the Texas judiciary. 13.Why has the low number of black judges in the Texas judiciary drawn ongoing criticism? 14.How are judicial vacancies normally filled? How are they filled outside the normal election cycle? 15.In terms of independence, accountability and competence, compare and contrast longer-term judges with shorter-term judges. 16.What are the powers of the Commission on Judicial Conduct in Texas? 17.What is the Hamiltonian approach say about judicial behavior? 18.What are partisan elections for judges in Texas and what do they say about Texas’s political culture? 19.