#7 Weight Management

#7 Weight Management - The Weight Continuum Healthy...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–10. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Weight Continuum Healthy weight ,desirable range: weight range with no harm to health Overweight : body weight >recommended range for good health (based on population data) Increasing incidence of disease Obesity : more serious degree of overweight, with definite health consequences
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Why is weight important? Death rate 2X that of non-obese individuals Obesity is THE major health problem in U.S., affecting more than 60 million people (> 20 years old) Plays role in many diseases: diabetes (especially Type II) Heart disease (amount and location of fat) hypertension stroke some cancers (endometrial, breast and colon) osteoarthritis sleep apnea gall bladder disease self esteem/psychological health (depression)
Background image of page 2
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 4
1995 Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS,   1990, 1995, 2005 (*BMI  30, or about 30 lbs overweight for 5’4” person) 2005 1990 No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% 25%– 29% ≥30%
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
What constitutes “Obese”? Depends on method of assessment Height/Weight tables – not used much any more 20% over “ideal” weight Body Mass Index (BMI) – currently used > or = 30 % Fat 32% women 25% men
Background image of page 6
B ody M ass I ndex (BMI)= weight(kg) ÷ height(m) ² weight (lbs) X 703 ÷ height (inches)² BMI = _______ (page 415 table 14-3) Assessment
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
BMI-Associated Disease Risk Classification BMI (kg/m 2 ) Risk Underweight <18.5 Increased Normal 18.5-24.9 Normal Overweight 25.0-29.9 Increased Obese I 30.0-34.9 High II 35.0-39.9 Very High III > 40 Extremely high Clinical Guidelines on the Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults—The Evidence Report. Obes Res 1998;6(suppl 2). Additional risks: • Large waist circumference (men>40 in; women >35 in) • 5 kg or more weight gain since age 18-20 y • Poor aerobic fitness • Specific races and ethnic groups
Background image of page 8
Fat cells – adipocytes Fat tissue – adipose tissue Fat cells secrete proteins that trigger  changes throughout the body More inflammatory proteins Less sensitivity to hormones that play a role in 
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 10
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 33

#7 Weight Management - The Weight Continuum Healthy...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 10. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online