PSY101EXAM2STUDYGUIDE - Exam 2 Study Guide Wednesday 12:39 AM Sleep dreaming Freud Manifest content Latent content Believed everything was about sexual

PSY101EXAM2STUDYGUIDE - Exam 2 Study Guide Wednesday 12:39...

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Exam 2 Study Guide Wednesday, October 15, 2014 12:39 AM Sleep & dreaming Freud Manifest content Latent content Believed everything was about sexual wish fulfillment Cartwright Information processing If REM is purposely messed with you are less likely to remember it Hobson & McCarley Activation synthesis Theorized there is random firing of neurons The brain interprets random firings Biorhythms of sleep Circadian rhythms: approx. 24 hours Natural sleep: light & body temp Resetting the biological clock 1 Retina detects fading of light 2 Message is sent to hypothalamus suprachiasmic nucleus (SCN) 3 SCN sends message to pineal gland 4 Pineal gland releases melatonin 5 Melatonin adjusts clock EEG Electroencephalograph Measures brain waves Sleep cycles Awake - Beta (lo v, hi f) Drowsy - Alpha Stage 1 - Theta, few minutes, feeling of falling Stage 2, - Sleep spindles form, mixed waves, 20+ minutes Stage 3 & 4 - Delta (hi v, lo f), about 30 minutes REM (lo v, hi f) most dreaming Three functions of sleep Protective Restorative Growth Sleep Disorders Insomnia Narcolepsy Sleep Apnea Features of dreams Story-like Day residue
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Mostly mundane Dreaming theories Wish fulfillment (Freud) Info processing (Cartwright) Activation synthesis (Hobson & McCarley) Learning Bandura Observational conditioning (learning) Learning through watching others Worked w/ kids Skinner Operant conditioning Learned by reward or punishment Worked w/ rats Pavlov Classical conditioning Learning through trigger association Worked w/ dogs Classical Conditioning Unconditional stimulus (UCS) o Natural o Evokes UCR o Something you know from birth (food) Unconditioned response (UCR) o Natural response to UCS o Salivating to food Conditional stimulus (CS) o Learned o Evokes CR o Dogs learned bell means food Conditional response (CR) o
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