Choices and Consequences 2

Choices and Consequences 2 - Choices& Consequences...

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Unformatted text preview: Choices & Consequences: School Finance in the Dawn of the 21st Century EDCI 1000 Major Issues in School Funding Schooling Costs Funding Equity Funding Sufficiency Costs of Failure to Educate Schooling Costs to Establish Heaviest increases are in Special Education Costs Always increasing Pool of "Interested Parties" decreasing due to: Fewer children per family Longer life-spans Difficult School Costs Instruction 60% 35% Includes teachers salaries/benefits Support Services Maintenance Transportation Non-Instructional Support 5% Food Services Dis tric $10,000 $12,000 $14,000 to fC $2,000 $4,000 $6,000 $8,000 Per Pupil Spending Examples ,,03 $0 olu mb Flo ia ri Ge d a org Ha ia wa ii Ida ho Il lin o Ind is i an a Iow Ka a n Ke sas n tu Lo ck y ui s i an a Ma Ma Mar i ne y ss ac land hu se Mi tts ch Mi i gan nn Mi es ot a ss is s i pp Mi ss i o Mo uri n Ne t ana bra s Ne Ne ka w Ha v ada m Ne ps h i re w Ne J ers e w Me y x ic N No ew Y o rth o Ca rk No r rth oli na Da ko ta Oh Ok l ah io om a Or Pe n n eg o n s Rh y lv a n od e I ia sl a nd Funding Equity among states Distribution within state Special calculations Distribution Per Pupil Spending in VT 16,000.00 14,000.00 12,000.00 10,000.00 8,000.00 6,000.00 4,000.00 2,000.00 0.00 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 EQUALIZATION FORMULA COST FACTORS Student Teacher Cost Weights Experience Adjustment Costs Transportation EQUALIZATION FORMULA GENERAL FORMAT STATE REVENUE + LOCAL REVENUE EQUALS STUDENTS X BASE FUNDING COST PER STUDENT X FACTORS Sample Student Cost Weights Special Education and at Risk Total Weight Individual Education Program (IEP) 2.00 Students in poverty 1.25 English as Second Language (ESL) 1.50 Pregnant and parenting 2.00 Neglected and Delinquent 1.25 Students in Foster Homes 1.25 Average Current Ratios Funding 40% State Funding 50% Federal Funding 7% Private/Foundation Funding 3% Local ...
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