Hist 2057 notes for semester

Hist 2057 notes for semester - Farmers in Industrial...

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Unformatted text preview: Farmers in Industrial America 12/02/2008 16:10:00 I. The Agrarian Myth Psychological state rooted in to old ways Myth= farmer built and preserved America connection between people and the land people who won the revolutionary war was the minute men (farmers who stopped farming to defend America) farmers expanded the west represents the best kind of citizen closest to God.doing His work owns property, pays taxes prestige in society progressively moved into society where people leave the farm to get jobs in the city Captains of Industry- Rockefeller, Carnegie: was changing the focus of society to urbanism farmers were forced to adjust to changes farm sector is changing rapidly II. Changes in Farm Sector post civil war, many people go into farming because of westward expansion American Indians sought to tame nature open land out west farmers being pulled into international capitalist market III.ProblemsReal and Imagined A. Cost-Price Squeeze B. Unfair Tax Burden o pays unfair share of tax o farmer couldnt hide from tax adjusters C. Debt o Unstable business o banks charged higher interest rate on farmers D. Managerial Talent Drain? o Sons of farmers leave to go to city o does son that leaves have more ambition? Dad is stuck on old ways? E. Rail Roads o Farmers thought RR were charging unfair prices to ship goods F. Surpluses o Efficient farming o effects prices IV. Impact of Industrialization Mechanization- cut labor cost, time/ increases efficiency production is becoming commercialized self sufficiency to survive while expanding the west Rail Road brings farmers within reach of distant markets (cash for his crops) farmers begin to plant more to make up for lost income, increases surplus farmers can not determine with precision his production Fundamental Problem is the Surplus V. Organized Farm Movement A. Grange o set up during reconstruction o started as social organization (lonely farmer) o Granger Laws- state laws that began to regulate RR o farmers were first to call for regulation on big business B. Farmers Alliances o currency question- inflating money supply o has psychological investment in old ways C. Populism o Coxeys army- march on white house o set up own party, the peoples party o closest to class election o Dorothys slippers are silver in the original, she skips on the yellow brick road (gold), wicked witch of the east VI. Elections of 1896 Money- agrarian wants currency inflation Pits agricultural American against new industrial America Disillusionment causes one to project upon others, reach out to others who...
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2008 for the course HIST 2057 taught by Professor Rand during the Fall '08 term at LSU.

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Hist 2057 notes for semester - Farmers in Industrial...

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