Notes for test 2 -

Notes for test 2 - - GEOGRAPHY TEST #2 NOTES 2/25/08 * The...

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GEOGRAPHY TEST #2 NOTES 2/25/08 * The Caribbean o Caribbean islands o Belize (central America) o Guianas (south America) / Guyana (British) / Surname (Dutch) / French Guiana o Isolated proximity o Worldview dominated by outlook on Caribbean sea o FIG 5.1 * The Caribbean Islands o Greater Antilles : 4 largest islands / Cuba / Hispaniola Haiti Dominican republic / Puerto Rico / Jamaica o Lesser Antilles o Rimlands – countries on rim of Caribbean * Environmental issues o Deforestation several hundred years ago: / Sugar cane plantations / Lumber for ships, etc. o Deforestation today: / Qood used for fuel by most Haitians / Controversial logging (and mining) in Guiana’s interior o FIG 5.4 * Climate o Close to equator o Tropic of cancer: which hemisphere? o Seasonal rainfall. * Hurricanes o FIG 5.2 o Gets hammered by hurricanes * Natural disasters o Hurricanes!!! o Flooding
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o Tectonic activity / Volcanoes / Tsunamis / Earthquakes o FIG 5.5 * Montserrat o Volcanic eruption in 1995 o Covered capital of Plymouth * Population and settlement o First American region extensively explored and colonized by Europeans and African slaves o 41 million people / 25 countries and territories o Relatively high population densities / Except Rimlands / Increasingly urban o Haiti: HIV/AIDs * Demographics o Table 5.1 o Which 3 countries are the most populous? / Cuba / Dominican republic / Haiti o Which country has highest fertility rate? / / / * Caribbean Diaspora (forced migration) o Emigration (leaving) / Circular migration / Chain migration / Remittances * Settlement patterns – rural o Shaped by plantation agriculture and subsistence farming o Lesser Antilles: house yards / Subsistence / Matriarchal / Extended families o FIG 5.13 * Caribbean Cities o Since 1960s
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Rural-to-urban migration / 60% urban population o Colonial influence in urban structure and architecture: / Similarities to Latin American city structure / Grid with central plaza o Old Havana in Cuba: world heritage site * Havana, Cuba: read “cityscapes” pag 196-197 o Most important port city in region o Natural, deep-qater harbor o 2.2 million people o Socialist mode / 1 million chinese bicycles / Uniform government-built apartments * Santo domingo, Dominican Republic
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Notes for test 2 - - GEOGRAPHY TEST #2 NOTES 2/25/08 * The...

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