Notes for test 1 - ch. 8 & 9

Notes for test 1 - ch. 8 & 9 - Geography 1000...

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Geography 1000 1/16/08 * Europe o 38 countries west of Russian Domain. e Iceland is part of the European region o Relatively small region; densely settled. o Eastern boundary defined by worldview. o FIG 8.1 * Environmental issues: o Acid rain o Pollution: coastal, rivers, urban air o Transformation of woodlands and wetlands o FIG 8.4 o FIG 8.5 e Woodland destruction by acid rain and toxic waste sites are legacies of the Communist rule in eastern Europe which emphasized maximizing industrial output at all costs. o FIG 8.6 e Industrial waste site * Physical Setting o Earthquakes and volcanoes (near mountain range) o New crustal formation along mid-Atlantic ridge o Marshy lowland along north sea in Netherlands o Drought on the Iberian Peninsula o Arctic conditions in northern Scandinavia o FIG 8.7 * Plate tectonics – FIG 2.3 o Iceland o Forms new land; youngest rock * Plate Boundaries – FIG 2.4 * Formation of new crust: o Iceland on mid-Atlantic ridge e Volcanoes and geysers e Geothermal energy National geog “Iceland” video from you tube http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dOSMPgUQQ9o e Human’s efforts at control “Mom there’s a volcano in the backyard” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OvCH2IbtPB8 o Island of surtsey created nov 1963 e “Volcanic activity: the formation of surtsey”
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*******find the link******** e http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4MmX 17S9u4 * Much of Europe has a “maritime” climate * Mediterranean and Atlantic act as a “blanket” * CLIMATE o Interpretation of climographs: e Average daily temperature highs and lows e Average monthly precipitation e Relative distance N or S of equator o Because earth is tilted 23.5 degrees o LINES OF LATITUDE e Equator 0 o latitude North pole 90 o north latitude South pole 90 o south latitude e Tropics Tropic of cancer 23.5 o north latitude Tropic of Capricorn 23.5 o south latitude e Arctic circle 66.5 o north latitude o FIGURE 8.10 o http://www.ux1.eiu.edu/~jpstimac/1400/FIG02_004.JPG o LINES OF LONGITUDE * Be able to find these places on the globe and know their significance o Equator 0 deg latitude o Tropics between 23.5 deg N and S latitude o Arctic and Antarctic circles > 66.5 degrees N or S latitude o North pole: 90 deg N latitude o South pole: 90 deg S latitude o Prime meridian: 0 deg longitude at Greenwich, England * Maritime Europe o Strong connection to seas o Landlocked countries have access e Canals e Navigable rivers o Land reclamation e Holland/Netherlands/Dutch coast: polders o FIG 8.12 * Relative size and latitude of Europe o Smaller area than north America o Milder climate o Higher population density
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525 million (Europe) e 320 million (N. America) o FIG 8.3 * Population and settlement o Relatively high population densities e Urban industrial core e Rural periphery o Negative natural growth. o
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2008 for the course GEOG 1001 taught by Professor Baksi during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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Notes for test 1 - ch. 8 & 9 - Geography 1000...

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