Choices and Consequences 1

Choices and Consequences 1 - Conflicts and Challenges...

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Unformatted text preview: Conflicts and Challenges: Savage Inequalities & School Outcomes 05/07/09 Caste System SOCIAL ORIGINS "Origins" denote family background characteristics (social class) and ascribed characteristics (race, sex) = SOCIAL DESTINATIONS "Destinations" denote adult outcomes such as occupation, income, wealth (main components of social class) 05/07/09 Caste Society Caste systems are characterized by Social Reproduction Inequality in outcomes is passed down across generation with little chance to improve one's future 05/07/09 Ideal of Meritocracy SOCIAL ORIGINS +++ MERIT = SOCIAL DESTINATIONS 05/07/09 Ideal of Meritocracy SOCIAL ORIGINS +++ EDUCATION = SOCIAL DESTINATIONS 05/07/09 Ideal of Meritocracy Meritocratic social systems are characterized by Social Mobility Through education, all children are given an opportunity to live better lives as adults 05/07/09 Ideal of Meritocracy LEARNING OPPOR TUNITIES +++ +++ EDUCA TIONAL SUCCESS SOCIAL ORIGINS +++ EFFORT = SOCIAL DESTI NATIONS ACADEMIC ABILITY + + + 05/07/09 Ideal of Meritocracy LEARNING OPPOR TUNITIES +++ +++ EDUCA TIONAL SUCCESS SOCIAL ORIGINS EFFORT = SOCIAL DESTI NATIONS ACADEMIC ABILITY +++ Three key ingredients of student learning 05/07/09 Origins should not be related to the ingredients to school success Ideal of Meritocracy LEARNING OPPOR TUNITIES +++ +++ EDUCA TIONAL SUCCESS Societal interest to provide equal opportunities to all SOCIAL ORIGINS EFFORT +++ SOCIAL DESTI NATIONS ACADEMIC ABILITY + Contribution believed to small and can be offset by either more opportunity and/or effort Inequality due to differences in effort are acceptable because they an outgrowth of human agency (choice) 05/07/09 How Does the Allocation System in America Work in Practice? ? ? LEARNING OPPOR TUNITIES ? ? ? SOCIAL ORIGINS EFFORT ? EDUCA TIONAL SUCCESS ? ? ? ACADEMIC ABILITY SOCIAL DESTI NATIONS ? ? 05/07/09 Key Question Is American society one characterized by a tendency toward SOCIAL REPRODUCTION, or SOCIAL MOBILITY? ? ? USA ? ? ? Social Reproduction 05/07/09 Social Mobility 05/07/09 05/07/09 What Does This Tell Us about the Following Relationships in our Model? ? ? LEARNING OPPOR TUNITIES ? ? ? SOCIAL ORIGINS EFFORT ? EDUCA TIONAL SUCCESS SOCIAL DESTI NATIONS ACADEMIC ABILITY 05/07/09 ...
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