Draft_Essay_Should euthanasia be legalized? - Should...

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Should euthanasia be legalized? Euthanasia literally translated from Greek means good health, namely makesinevitable deaths free from pain or discomfort. Because euthanasia is not onlyrelated to legislation, but also ethics, medicine, religion and so on, it hasaroused a fierce and lasting dispute all over the world. The objectors ofeuthanasia argue that euthanasia is a means of murder; therefore it should becriminalized (Eliotta & Olvera, 2008). While the supporters hold the view thatpeople have the right to choose to die or not (Sharma, 2003). According to arecent survey where respondents were asked whether euthanasia should belegally available in specified situations in the United States, 46 percent of therespondents were for it, 41 percent were against it and the rest thought itdepended (Lesser, 2010). While acknowledging the pros and cons ofeuthanasia, this essay argues that euthanasia should not be legalized in spitethat voluntary euthanasia in specific situations could be decriminalized.The most important advantage of euthanasia is that it could relieve patients’pain and protect the patients’ self-esteem. Sharma (2003) points thateuthanasia respects the patient’s wish and reduces his or her pain. If thepatients could not move, breathe on their own, even think, what they couldfeel will be no other than suffering. Then choosing euthanasia for them meansquitting suffering. Besides, existing with numerous medicines and relying onmedical facilities would make the patients lost self-esteem as a person, whichwill lead to mental distress (Stoyles & Costreie, 2013). For example, sinceTony Nicklinson was diagnosed with pneumonia, his most muscles lost activityfunction. After repeated rejection of his application for euthanasia, he chosefast for a week and died. In this case, euthanasia could make the patients diewith self-esteem instead of indignity and misery. Consequently, in specificsituations, euthanasia should be approved.To some extent, euthanasia could be accepted. However, thedecriminalization of euthanasia could cause more adverse outcomes. The first

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