is the absence of pathogenic microorganisms
, or clean technique, includes procedure used to reduce and prevent the
spread of microorganisms, such as hand hygiene, using clean gloves, and cleaning the
in medical asepsis, an area of object is considered contaminated if it contains or is
suspected of containing pathogens (bedpan, floor, dressing)
is the removal of all soil form object and surfaces
reusable objects must be cleaned thoroughly
when cleaning equipment soiled by organic material such as blood, feces, mucus,
or pus, the nurse applies a mask and protective eyewear, and waterproof gloves
eliminates many or all microorganisms, with the exception of spores from
inanimate objects by the use of chemical disinfectants or wet pasteurization
is the complete elimination of all microorganisms, including spores.
Steamed pressure, ethylene oxide gas, hydrogen peroxide plasma, and chemicals
Infection Control to Reduce Reservoirs of Infection
Use soap and water to remove drainage, dried secretions, or excess perspiration
Change dressings that become soiled or wet
Place tissues, soiled dressing, or soiled linen in moisture-resistant bags for proper disposal
Engage safety features of all sharp devices and dispose them in puncture proof containers.
Keep table surfaces clean and dry
Don’t leave bottled solutions open for prolonged periods, keep them tightly capped, date bottles and
discard according to facility policy
Keep drainage tubes and collection bags patent
Drainage bottles and
Empty and dispose of drainage suction bottles according to policy.
Empty all drainage systems on each
shift unless otherwise ordered by a physician.
Never raise a drainage system above the level of the site
being drained unless it is clamped off
If hands are visibly dirty or contaminated with protein containing material, use plain soap
or antimicrobial soap and water for hand washing.