Exam 1 review - Section One Exam Review Heather Bliss MA Chapter 1 What is psychology Psychology is the study of the mind brain and behavior Critical

Exam 1 review - Section One Exam Review Heather Bliss MA...

This preview shows page 1 - 12 out of 48 pages.

Section One: Exam Review Heather Bliss, MA
Image of page 1
Chapter 1 What is psychology? Psychology is the study of the mind, brain, and behavior.
Image of page 2
Critical Thinking Systematically questioning and evaluating information using well-supported evidence Erroneous errors: Ignoring evidence Failing to judge source credibility Misunderstanding/not using statistics Seeing relationships that do not exist Using relative comparisons After the fact explanations Mental shortcuts Self-serving bias
Image of page 3
Foundations of Psychology Schools of thought Structuralism – conscious experience can be broken down into basic components. Used introspection. Functionalism – concerned with adaptive purpose, or function, of the mind and behavior. Gestalt – the whole of personal experience is different from the sum of it’s parts. Behaviorism – emphasizes the role of environmental forces in observable behavior. Cognitive Psychology – study of mental functions (thinking, language, memory, etc) Social Psychology – how people influence other people’s thoughts, feelings, and behavior.
Image of page 4
Controversy in Psychology Mind/body problem (dualism) – are the mind and body separate and distinct? Nature/nurture debate – Are we born with a blank slate or are we preprogrammed?
Image of page 5
Important People in Psychology William Wundt William James Mary Whiton Calkins Francis Sumner Kenneth Clark B.F. Skinner John B. Watson John Stuart Mill Sigmund Freud
Image of page 6
Levels of Analysis Biological – Neuroanatomy, animal research, brain imaging, etc. Individual – Personality, gender, decision making, memory, etc. Social – Groups, relationships, attitudes, stereotypes, etc. Cultural – Norms, beliefs, values, ethnicity, etc.
Image of page 7
Chapter 2 Primary goals of science: Description - what? Prediction - when? Control - what cause? Explanation - why?
Image of page 8
The Scientific Method The six steps of the scientific method Forming a hypothesis Conduct a literature review Design a study Conduct the study Analyze the data Report the results
Image of page 9
Theories and Hypotheses Theory: a model of interconnected ideas or concepts that explains what is observed, makes predictions about future events, and is based on empirical evidence Hypothesis: a specific, testable prediction, narrower than the theory it is based on.
Image of page 10
What Makes a Good Theory?
Image of page 11
Image of page 12

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 48 pages?

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes