Overview of HRM Handout

Overview of HRM Handout - Agenda Overview of HRM A brief...

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1 Overview of HRM Agenda Overview of HRM A brief history of HR HR strategy Foundations
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2 Overview of HRM A brief history... Mid 18 th Century As an informal function, HRM has roots in England’s craft guilds. These guilds later evolved into trade unions. Late 19 th and Early 20 th Centuries Scientific Management Frederick Taylor’s time and motion research Focus on jobs, “one best way”
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3 Overview of HRM History, cont’d 1900-1950s Two “schools” evolved 1. Administrative Management School Focus on the organization Weber’s “bureaucratic order” 1. Human Relations School Focus on people Welfare departments (1910s) Mayo’s “Hawthorne Effect”
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4 Overview of HRM History, cont’d More recent HR events 1960s Civil Rights McGregor’s Theory X and Y 1970s Quality movement 1980-1990s Work-life balance, diversity, globalization
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5 Overview of HRM History, cont’d Today Although the field has evolved considerably, the HR function continues to play a reactive role and focuses almost exclusively on strategy implementation This is particularly true in the hospitality industry Primary focus is making sure the employee records are accurate and the company picnic is a success Q: What view should we take?
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6 Overview of HRM Ideal Model
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7 Overview of HRM Strategy
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8 Overview of HRM Basic Planning Model Strategy formulation Selecting a mission and major business goals Analyzing the external competitive environment to identify Opportunities and Threats Analyzing the internal context to identify Strengths and Weaknesses Strategy implementation Designing structures and control systems to put the chosen strategies into action
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9 Overview of HRM Strategy Formulation Intended versus Realized Strategies Chicken versus Egg
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