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Psychology Study Guide-MidtermChapter 11.In the definition of psychology, the term behavior means2.A psychologist is interested in finding out why married couples seemingly begin to look like each other after several years of marriage. This psychologist is most interested in thegoal of3.Who is considered to be the father of African American psychology?4.Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalysis focused on 5.Which psychologist dared to ignore the whole consciousness issue and return to study ofscientific inquiry by focusing on observable behavior?6.Which perspective is often referred to as the “third force” in psychology and focuses on a person’s freedom of choice in determining their behavior?7.Which perspective best explains the bystander effect whereby individuals will be less likely to help someone in need because of the presence of others close by?8.If Dr. Byers uses an eclectic approach in her clinical treatment of children, what is she doing?9.Dr. Colton identifies himself with the largest subfield of psychology. What kind of psychologist is he?10. Micah has recently been diagnosed with a psychological disorder that is best addressed initially with medication. He would likely benefit the most by first seeing a _________.11. Which step in the scientific method is derived from the goal of description?12. Brianne has made a prediction about the behavior the lab rats in her study will demonstrate. Next, she runs the rats through a maze to see if they behave as predicted. Which step in the scientific method is Brianne currently focusing on?13. The famous study of Phineas Gage, who survived when a metal rod pierced his skull, is an example of a
14. A researcher finds that as her subjects increased the number of hours they spent exercising, the overall weight of her subjects decreased. This would be an example of a ________ correlation.15. A researcher wants to study the effects of texting on driving. Students in Group A drive acar in a computer game and see how many virtual accidents they have. Students in Group B are asked to drive the same virtual car but they must respond to and send at least three texts. The number of virtual accidents is measured for each group. What is the independent variable?