Interest Groups - Interest Groups Interest groups do not...

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Interest Groups
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Interest groups do not arise  inevitably out of natural  causes NAACP 1910 Men and women worked in factories for  decades before industrial unions
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Four factors explain the rise of  interest groups 1.Broad economic developments that  create new interest and redefine old  ones -farmers had little reason to organize for  political activity as long as they were  consuming what they produced
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2. Government policy itself helped create  interest groups -wars create veterans -the federal government encouraged the  formation of the American Farm Bureau  Federation (AFBF) -government was paying county  agents who would serve the needs of  farmers -professional societies became important  when state governments got the power to  decide what lawyers and doctors should be  certified -government has passed laws making strikes  more effective
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2. Government policy itself helped create  interest groups Think about it this way… Anytime something new is offered, people  want parts of it Groups organize to make sure that their  group is getting at least an equal part
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3. Someone must exercise leadership  (often at a substantial personal cost) -often young, caught up in social  movements, drawn to a need for  change, inspired politically or religiously
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3. Leadership -antislavery organizations of  1830s and 1840s -influenced by a religions  revival that was sweeping the  country
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3. Leadership -1890-1920 -college educated middle class  was growing rapidly -neutral science and fundamentalist  Christianity were locked in conflict  (gospels vs Darwinism) (personal  salvation vs social progress
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1. Leadership - 1960s - Powerful civil rights influence - Powerful antiwar movements - College enrollments more than doubled
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1. The more activities government  undertakes, the more organized  groups there will be that are  interested in those activities Page 268 table 11.1  
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Three reasons why interest  groups are so common in the  United States A lot of cleavages in our society American constitutional system gives  interest groups at lot of points where  they can access government Weakness of political parties
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Four Factors that Explain the  Rise of Interest Groups Broad economic developments that create  new interests and redefine old ones Farming industry Government policy  War, local agencies Someone exercises leadership Civil Rights movement, more people going to  college More activities under government control
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Interest group Any organization of people sharing a common  interest or goal that seeks to influence the making  of public policy People often think of interest groups as being 
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This note was uploaded on 05/03/2008 for the course POLY SCI 101 taught by Professor George during the Spring '99 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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Interest Groups - Interest Groups Interest groups do not...

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