SG Test Four - April 7th The Cold War (Ch. 32 796-801) 1....

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April 7 th The Cold War (Ch. 32 796-801) 1. Cold War a. Originated after World War II between Russia and US b. Differences in ideology and interest c. United States was to stop USSR expansion west and south (Middle East) 2. Truman Doctrine (containment) a. Great Britain could not afford to maintain Greece and Turkey which were under Soviet pressure b. Truman asked Congress for support of the two countries and they complied c. Supported free people who were resisting subjugation by armed forces 3. Marshall Plan a. To prevent the growth of Communist parties, the Americans devised the European Recovery Plan b. Helped restore prosperity in Western Europe and stimulated economic growth, also led to solid democratic regimes 4. Berlin Airlift a. Soviets sealed off the city in order to drive Western powers out b. Western allies responded with airlift to provide supplies c. Russians were forced to open the access to Berlin again d. Separated Germany into two parts for next 40 years 5. NATO a. Mutual assistance in case of an attack b. Belgium, Britain, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Canada, United States, Greece, Turkey, West Germany 6. Warsaw Pact a. Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, USSR
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b. Mutual assistance in case of attack 7. Nikita Khruschev a. Refused to take part in summit conference b. Had hoped allied forces would be divided over how to rule Germany c. Attempted to show attitude of Soviets toward the capitalist world 8. Sputnik a. Sent into orbit by Soviets b. First designed as ICBM but c. Series of Satellites 9. Berlin Wall a. Divided Eastern and Western Germany 10. Cuban Missile Crisis a. Soviet Union placed missiles in Cuba b. US blockaded Cuba, halted the shipment of new missiles, and demanded the removal of existing installations April 9 th Post War, Post colonization (Ch. 32 801-805; Ch. 34 851-853) 1. Indian National Congress a. Wanted independence from Britain for India 2. Rowlatt Acts/Black Acts a. Outlawed larger crowds of people 3. Mohandas Gandhi a. Lawyer in South Africa to defend Indians b. Civil disobedience – peaceful protests to bring about change c. Transformed the INC and got more peasant involvement d. Went to jail for his civil disobedience and INC demanded dominion status e. Led the Salt Marches where Indians went in search of their own salt
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f. “Quit India” movement – promoting Indian independence from British imperialism g. Assassinated by Hindu nationalist 4. Amritsar Massacre a. General Reginald Dyer opened fire on the crowds b. Exposed some of the worse aspects of British imperialism to the British people 5. Salt March a. Gandhi led a group of Indians in search of their own salt b. Women also joined and was the first time women were involved in the nationalist movement c. Caused Britain to allow India to discuss things such as self-rule 6. Government of India Act a. After the salt marches, centralized power in India through a dual government
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2008 for the course HIST 1100 taught by Professor Swingen during the Spring '08 term at Auburn University.

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SG Test Four - April 7th The Cold War (Ch. 32 796-801) 1....

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