POL Cases - 1 st civil rights law after reconstruction-...

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Civil war ended- 1865 Writ of habeas corpus- protects people from illegal imprisonment; a court order requiring a jailer to justify why a person is being held Police power of the state- power of the state to protect the health, welfare, morals, and safety of citizens Strict scrutiny test- every time court sees a racial classification the court will presume the classification is unconstitutional unless the government can come up with a compelling reason for doing so; used for race or fundamental rights Suspect classification- unchangeable characteristic, a group that has been subject to a history of purposeful unequal treatment, a group that deserves special protection from the majority; whenever a group is part of the suspect class, it triggers the strict scrutiny test Mandamus- a court order for a person to do or not to do something Zeu Suit Riots- Mexican Americans attacked John Bingham- wrote 1 st 2 sections of 14 th amendment Pro se- the right to defend yourself Charles Houston- attacked segregation in public education; said litigation was the way to bring about change
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Unformatted text preview: 1 st civil rights law after reconstruction- 1957 Created the civil rights commission- gave federal protection to blacks who wanted to vote and to investigate discrimination 1 st civil rights act passed- 1866 Gave newly freed slaves citizenship and had the same rights as whites 1968- MLK killed Robert F Kennedy killed Daisy Bates President of NAACP in AK; youngest member of NAACP Took on school systems in AK and helped students into schools Supreme court ruled in her favor, but did not change schools at all Our lessons and experiences create our beliefs Tripartite form of segregation: economical, political, social Southern manifesto- 1956 Southern congress saying they would defy the brown decision and inform constituents on how to defy decision Explicit right- freedom of speech Implicit right- right to associate, right to travel Solicitor general of the US- chief lawyer for the US- argues in front of Supreme Court...
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2008 for the course POL 142 taught by Professor Jones during the Spring '08 term at Miami University.

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POL Cases - 1 st civil rights law after reconstruction-...

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