Examples 1.3

Examples 1.3 - Examples 1.3 Deduction and Induction These...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Examples 1.3 Deduction and Induction These are the two groups into which you can divide all arguments. That is, if you’re looking at an argument, it’s either deductive or inductive (can’t be anything else). Again, since what is most important for this course is talk about arguments, it would be nice to be able to distinguish the one from the other. Aside from Chapter 3, this course is primarily concerned with deductive arguments. Here are some definitions, followed by a few examples: Deductive argument —an argument where the arguer claims it is impossible for the conclusion to be false given the truth of the premises (that is, if the premises are true, then the conclusion just HAS to be true also). The conclusion, thus, follows necessarily from the premises. Inductive argument —an argument where the arguer claims it is improbable for the conclusion to be false given the truth of the premises. The conclusion, thus, follows only probably from the premises. (Technical note which you can forgo or forget, if you want. Usually attributed to Aristotle, some have—incorrectly—pinned the deductive/inductive distinction on the following definitions: a deductive argument is one which proceeds from general statements to particular statements, from the general to the particular; and inductive arguments go in the reverse direction, from a few particular statements to general statements, from the particular to the general. The problem with this characterization, though it usually holds, is that we can come up with counter-examples. Take the following, a DEDUCTIVE argument that goes from the particular to the general, which is impossible on the ‘Aristotelian’ definition of deductive/inductive arguments: 3 is a prime number
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 5

Examples 1.3 - Examples 1.3 Deduction and Induction These...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online