Dawes Allotment Act - 1 Dawes Allotment Act Imposed white...

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1. Dawes Allotment Act Imposed white ideas of land ownership; make N.A. farmers by dividing land to families- intention: to give means to survive like whites Meant well, but didn’t cater to culture; N.A. didn’t have agrarian traditions; weren’t prepared for transition; didn’t understand private property; destroyed kinship, clan, and tribal social structures and replace with western individualism and profit motive; 140 million acres allocated in 1887, but by 1930’s 65% lost; remaining land desert and non-productive 2. Ethnocentrism tendency to look at world primarily from the perspective of one's own culture; belief one's own race or ethnic group is superior to other groups. 3. Structural-Functionalist Perspective on ethnocentrism Durkheim: inevitable and necessary; creates stability, same values, beliefs, basis for society; people need to be integrated in some form in to stratified society, otherwise normless (anomie); glue that holds them together; believe that a minor amount is necessary 4. Conflict Perspective on ethnocentrism “internal colonialism”- English Only movement 1) elim. Bilingual edu., 2) elim. Multilingual ballots 3) prevent state in translating road signs, for hospitals, etc. racism used to maintain power, privilege, ideological control; dominant society creates rules and who let into exclusive role; see “member of club”- Graham article Material dialectic: 1. ppl.’s basic function of life tied into material world 2. 1 st historical event- when ppl. begin to create produce; forever alters nature of soc. Relationships; “species being”- capacity to develop culture, realize full potential, derive meaning 3. under system of private property, ppl. never satisfied; just as 1 need met, need more 4. division of labor emerges as result of Mars’s term “antagonistic cooperation” 5. believe society in natural state of evolution: eveolution is progress of material world- material world creates thoughts, etc. 6. relation to material goods- class systems, powerful dominant groups det. Belief systems that justify existing social order KNOW STAGES OF EVOLUTION: Simple communism (no classes) Slavery (masters/slaves) Feudalism (nobility, serfs) Capitalism (bourgeoisie, proletariat) Socialism (no classes, run by state) Communism (classless, stateless society)
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Each stage destroyed as one class asserts own interest leads to downfall of current system Power derived from control of material goods, which dominant group controls Same controlling group controls media, hence, ideology Intelligentsia- holders of knowledge- helps mainstream unlearn false consciousness 5. Blauner Hypothesis 2 different initial relationships: Colonization- more intense prejudice, racism, discrimination; disadvantaged status will remain longer Immigration- more choice, control 6. Noel Hypothesis If 2 or more groups come together in a contact situation characterized by: Ethnocentrism Competition- struggle over resource, anything mutually desired Differential in power- ability for group to achieve goals in opposition; also
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2008 for the course SOC 323 taught by Professor Real during the Spring '08 term at University of Louisville.

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Dawes Allotment Act - 1 Dawes Allotment Act Imposed white...

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