meaning - Meaning and concepts Pavlon 1960 "it is...

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Meaning and concepts Pavlon 1960 – “ it is nothing more than words that has made us human”. Word meanings = semantics Forester 1996 “language without meaning is not language at all” Philosophical view on how words mean – direct view/indirect view Categories are closely related to meaning A category is a group of related items = a concept is the metal representation of a category. Concepts specify category membership Concepts govern thought and structure what is perceived, how p’s get around and how people relate to each other. Lakoff and Johnson 1980 = metaphors are an important part of meaning Lakoff and Johnson 1980 – 3 types of metaphors 1) structural = one concept being structured in terms of another i.e. war and argument= this represents how a concept can be metaphorical and structure an everyday event = ”your claims are indefensible” arguments are represented in a structured way when referred to within the concept of war = people win or lose, attack and defend, thus the argument is partially structured, understood and talked about in terms of war The metaphor is not merely in the words but in the concept of an argument. Plato’s theory of
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meaning - Meaning and concepts Pavlon 1960 "it is...

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