ChristianitySG

ChristianitySG - Christianity study sheet Apostles: the...

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Christianity study sheet Apostles : the first generation of Jesus’ followers Charismatic : characterized by spiritual gifts such as glassolalia (speaking in “tounges” a distinguishing feature of charismatic movements) Eucharist : the ritual re-enactment of Jesus’ sacrifice of himself, patterned after his sharing of bread and wine as his body and blood at the final Passover meal with his disciples. Orthodox Christians term it the lituergy, Catholics the mass, and Protestants the Lord’s Supper or Holy Communition. Evangelican : in Germany, a name for the Lutheran Church, in the English-speaking world, a description of conservative Protestants with a confident sense of the assurance of divine grace and the obligation to preach it. Gnostic : an ancient movement that believed the material world to be the evil result of a fall from pure spiritual existence. Christian Gnostics viewed Jesus as the bearer of a secret, saving knowledge through which the faithful would be redeemed from this material realm. Lent : the period of forty days, not counting Sundays, leading up to Easter; the season for the most serious Christian spiritual reflection. Mass : the Roman Catholic Eucharistic ceremony, in which bread and wine are eaten as the body and blood of Christ, celebrated in Latin until 1965 and in local languages since then. Sacrament : a spiritual action seen as signifying grace. The most widely accepted sacraments are baptism and the Eucharist, although the Catholic Church recognizes five others. Trinity : the concept of God as having three “persons” or manifestations: as father, as son, as Holy Spirit. The doctrine of the Trinity emerged in the late third century and was adopted after vigorous debate in the fourth. Reformation : Three main establishments emerged from the Reformation in the course of the sixteenth century: Lutheran, Angilican, and Calvinist. (Anabaptists are considered non-establishments) Nicene Creed : reflects the emergence of the explicit doctrine of the Trinity; that God has three manifestations or person (see above). Easter
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ChristianitySG - Christianity study sheet Apostles: the...

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