HISTORY CHAPTER ONE

HISTORY CHAPTER ONE - CHAPTER ONE 1 of 12 From the earliest...

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CHAPTER ONE 1 of 12 From the earliest times, two activities brought different groups of peoples into contact with each other. What were these activities? a. Trade and war b. Trade and religion c. War and religion d. Festivals and trade Correct. The answer is a. Trade and war were the two most common activities that brought different groups of peoples in contact with each other. Groups living in an area that lacked a certain resource would trade with groups in other areas where these resources were more common. This often required travel over long distances. Religion and festivals were not as important in bringing different peoples into contact with each other because these were more localized. 2 of 12| Which of the following is not a part of historians' traditional definition of civilization? a. Cities with dense populations and large buildings for community purposes b. Formal political systems c. The knowledge of writing among at least part of the population d. Trade practices capable of transporting goods great distances The answer is d. Historians traditionally define the features of civilization in terms of cities that had dense populations, buildings for communal purposes, and a knowledge of writing. Trade existed before cities; it is not therefore part of the traditional definition of civilization. 3 of 12 Which of the following is not true of religious beliefs or practices in Mesopotamia during the Bronze Age? a. People believed that they depended on the goodwill of the gods and owed them total devotion. b. Their gods looked like humans and exhibited human emotions, especially anger and arbitrary will. c. Priests and priestesses, while essential to the well-being of a city because of the religious services they performed, were strictly excluded from political matters. d. Mesopotamians built great ziggurats (temple towers) that soared up to ten stories high and dominated the urban skyline. The answer is c. Religion was central to Mesopotamian life because its gods were considered absolute masters over Mesopotamian society. The priests and priestesses who were responsible for discovering the will of the gods, held an extremely high status. Mesopotamian society can be described as a theocracy, which means a government by the gods; therefore, priests and priestesses possessed great political influence. 4 of 12 Sumer, the name for southern Mesopotamia, was the home of the earliest cities. Which of the following contributed most to their prosperity? a. Agriculture and trade b. A rich supply of natural resources, such as metals, timber, and precious stones c. An egalitarian political structure, commonly referred to as the Hammurabi Code d. A mild climate with stable weather patterns The answer is a. Sumer did not have a mild climate, an egalitarian political structure, or a rich supply of metals, timber, or precious stones. Agriculture and trade contributed most to the region's prosperity.
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5 of 12 Which of the following statements best describes the Old Kingdom in Egypt? a. It was a strong, centralized state, headed by a king.
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HISTORY CHAPTER ONE - CHAPTER ONE 1 of 12 From the earliest...

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