Sociology notes

Sociology notes - SOCIOLOGY 1 The Systematic study of Human...

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Unformatted text preview: SOCIOLOGY 1) The Systematic study of Human Society *What does this mean?- Systematic * Scientific Discipline- Focus: Patterns of Behavior – not the odd thing that happens occasionally, but regularaly 2) Human Society * Group behavior Focus * How Groups influence individuals * How Individuals Influence groups 3) The Sociological Perspective • Observations * Personal Perspectives- How people view world- Affected by * Culture- Gender- Race- Class • C. Wright Mils – “sociological imagination” * View Issues and Problems NOT from a personal perspective * Rather: Examine- History- Culture * time management- View own society as an outsider * try to view like you have no idea • Four benefits from using Sociology * Challenges Familiarity- Idealism versus reality of situations for people * Broadens personal views- See our individual freedoms and powerful constraints * Empowers people- Forces students to engage their social world * Recognizes social diversity- understanding can lead to acceptance and tolerance • Sociology and common sense * Why do people marry? (mate selection) * Birds of a feather or opposites attract * tell us nothing by accounting for everything * ad hoc and after the fact explanations * Selective data processing • A few critical early thinkers * Auguste Comte- Positivism ~Scientific method- Coined term sociology- Look at stability and change in society *Karl Marx- Impact of 3 factors on a society ~Race, class and Gender- Known for theory of class conflict – workers and owners • Workers – proletarian • owners – bushwazee • Emile Dirkheim – wrote suicide * 1 st TRUE sociological study- Social Facts ~Some phenomenon not reduced to individual level- Collective consciousness- Group forces and social integration- Suicide – US Today ….. very similar ~Males+, 65 and older and the Very Young ~Major cause in ages 9-24 • Durkheim’s Suicide - * three forms- Egoistic – when you are alone and don’t have a support group. No structure. All ALONE. Single people much more susceptible. Single males. Males rate goes up round age 64-65- Altruistic – risking your life for others- Anomie – confusion. Rapid change. * Durkheim is very relevant today – suicide bombers * Social Integration – most are in the middle…the ones more susceptible to suicide are the ones that are extremely alone or extremely integrated- Unhappiness • • ← Collecting and analyzing data • Selecting the sample o Representative samples – the slice of cake of pie is representative of that entire cake or pie....
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Sociology notes - SOCIOLOGY 1 The Systematic study of Human...

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