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Unformatted text preview: Egypt – Gift of the Nile – A River Valley Civilization 9/19/07 ← The Nile • Runs 3000+ miles in East Africa o Runs South to North • Has seven cataracts in South o Cataract – prevents irrigation can be as large as a waterfall or it can be a group of rocks • River mouth is known as the Delta- Greeks named it o Many channels o Most fertile area o Known a Lower Egypt Two Kingdoms Became One • The Black Land – river • The Red Land – desert ← Mother Nile • Carried fertile soils downstream • Desert offered protection • Flood plain varies in width • Aswan Dam stops fertile deposits • Also encourages parasites…certain one that causes blindness ← Kings Valley – people were safe and well fed • Desert protected people on East and West • Three crops yearly possible • Pharaohs used people for labor in flood time ← A Theocratic State • The Pharaoh was considered the Father of the people • He was considered to be descended from the Sun – the father of Egypt • The mother of Egypt was the river • Daily Welcome – he welcomed his father (SUN) by throwing flowers into the river • Pharaoh means Great House or Palace • Pharaoh was quite anonymous • Priests ran the country ← TimeLine • 3100-2700 BCE Early Dynasty – Menes?...
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- Fall '08
- Ancient Rome, bce new kingdom, BCE Old Kingdom, BCE Middle Kingdom