PPT_Chapter_36_updated - Adrenocortical Agents Chapter 36 Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams Wilkins Indications for Use of

PPT_Chapter_36_updated - Adrenocortical Agents Chapter 36...

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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Adrenocortical Agents Chapter 36
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Indications for Use of Adrenal Agents Widely used to suppress the immune system Short-term use to relieve inflammation during acute stages of illness Do not cure any inflammatory disorders Replacement of hormone levels with adrenal gland dysfunction
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Anatomy of the Adrenal Glands Location Flattened bodies which sit on top of each kidney Composition Adrenal medulla: An inner core; part of the SNS Adrenal cortex: An outer shell; produces hormones called corticosteroids
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Types of Corticosteroids Androgens Male and female sex hormones (testosterone) Glucocorticoids Stimulate an increase in glucose levels for energy Mineralocorticoids Affect electrolyte levels and homeostasis
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Controls and Actions of the Adrenal Glands
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Actions of Adrenocortical Hormones Increase blood volume (aldosterone effect) Cause the release of glucose for energy Slow rate of protein production (preserves energy) Block activities of the inflammatory and immune systems (preserves a great deal of energy)
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Causes of Adrenal Insufficiency
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