Ch. 1 - Thrasymachus in Plato’s Republic) • The field...

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Ch. 1 Notes Philosophical ethics is carried out under certain conditions/constraints o In other words, there are rules, presuppositions, and various constraints on how one thinks about ethics and makes arguments concerning ethics o Not every single philosopher follows these rules, but there are generally observed by your authors/editors and the individuals you’ll be reading Study o Cultural relativism- Why is this not accepted? o Divine command theory o Egoism - (which is associated with a brand of libertarianism forwarded by Ayn Rand and various “outcast” philosophers throughout history, ex.
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Unformatted text preview: Thrasymachus in Plato’s Republic) • The field of philosophical ethics begins by rejecting each one of these positions and insisting that: o Normative ethics (as opposed to descriptive ethics) is not relative to culture—there are non-relative moral principles that can be defended rationally o Human rationality and other human cognitive powers—not God—are what we need to develop and defend ethical theories and practices o Concern for others can (against psychological egoism) and should (against ethical egoism) at least sometimes trump egoism...
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This note was uploaded on 05/03/2008 for the course PHIL 320 taught by Professor Calarco during the Spring '08 term at CSU Fullerton.

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