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SYP 3060 Human Sexuality and Social Change w/ Dr. Carreno-LukasikStudy Guide 1perspectives on sexuality1. Examples of early cultures: art from the Stone Age as well as from when the climate warmed after the Ice Age reveals what about sexuality? i.e., who was worshipped in terms of fertility during these time periods and why?-(stone age) women were worshipped for their ability to bear children and keep the species going the art work would show women with large breasts, rounded hips, and large prominent sex organs, during this time it may not have been known that men play a role in reproduction-(after Ice Age) people became more aware of men’s role in reproduction (phallic worship- penis worship) they learned this from livestock reproduction- penis now was being glorified in art through phallic symbols like rings and necklaces 2. For ancient Hebrews, what was the purpose of sex? how did the ancient Hebrews view same-sex relations and adultery?-Ancient Hebrews believed sex was for marriage and procreation. Ex: childlessness was grounds for divorce- same-sex relations were 100% wrong, bc no procreation, adultery for women was also 100% wrong, although men could practice polygamy 3. How did the ancient Greeks view sex? how did they view same-sex relations? -Sex was supposed to be limited to marriage bc of emphasis on procreation, sex within marriage was also supposed to be about mutual pleasure and fulfillment, sex was viewed as a way of strengthening martial bonds. Ex: Jewish law designated the minimumfrequency of martial sex, which depended upon the man’s profession and the amount of time he spent at home 4. How did the ancient Greeks view prostitution?-the definition of prostitution in the Greek culture was sale of sex for money or goods. Prostitution flourished at every level of society- in the upper class were courtesans, who were skilled in music, dance, politics, and also sex, and in lower class were brothels with prostitutes and street walkers- there was no stigma to vising prostitutes 5. What were the social class differences in ancient Rome regarding sex?-sexual excess was common among Roman emperors and ruling families, Romansgenerally disapproved of male-male sexual behavior bc it was seen as a threat to the family. Ex: Julius Caesar is believed to have has relations with both women and menEx: other emperors like Caligula sponsored orgies where guests has sex with each other and also engaged in sadis m and bestiality
6. How did ancient China view sex? what are the yin and yang, and how often were men and women encouraged to reach orgasm?-Ancient China is famous for its erotic literature and art- around 2500 BC sex manuals were produced which portrayed sexual techniques and positions. Taoism promoted sexual activity, including oral sex, sensual touching, and intercourse, for spiritual growth and harmony in addition to procreation- the sexual connection of man and woman were believed to join the opposing energies of yin (female) and yang (male)-