REL 102. Chesnutt - Gospel of Matthew Review Session RAC...

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Gospel of MatthewReview Session- RAC 175 6:00 PM Gospel of Matthew- Gospel opens with a genealogy that face Jesusdescent from abraham AuthorshipoAnonymouso2ndCentury tradition (Papias c. 140) attributes it to MatthewoReliability of his tradition is uncertain; authorship by Matthew possible but not cer-tain oMatthew in the NT:Apparently= Levi (Mk 2:14; Mt. 9:9)Matthew’s role- A tax collector or customs official in Capernaum hated by the JewsCapernaum was a major toll road =profit for tax collectors Capernaum: JesusSecond Home (Mt. 4:13, 9:1; Mk. 2:1)One of the TwelveIronic because one of the twelve was a zealot and another was a taxcollector for the Roman SourcesoAccording to the 2-source and 4 source theories:author has a copy of mark as well as another work that contained mostly say-ings of Jesus, a work that scholars commonly call the Q source Mark- primary narrative sequenceQ-things not found in MarkM- variety of other oral and possibly written traditions about Jeus Matthews Use of Mark (Assuming the two-source theory)oMatthew follows Marks basic structure/outline and content but modifies in severalwaysSupplements it At the beginning with the story of Jesusbirth (Mt. 1-2)At the end with resurrection appearances by Jesus (Mt. 28)With large sections of Jesusteachings (Mt. 5-7)With frequent OT quotationTones down special Markan emphases, such as The secrecy motifThe blindnessof the disciplesPossible reason is because he is one of the disciplesAbbreviates and polishes the wording & styleGospel of Matthew is long but where Mark and Matthew are parallel,Mark is a lot longer. Mark is redundant. Matthew is concise, less de-tail, says more thingsoEx. See handout #4Eliminates or clarifies potentially misleading statements Ex. See handout #10Book - Sophistication- more polished Greek of the educated class - Accuracy, Contextual Relevance- more relevant to Matthews Community, Character Por-trayal DateoUnknown; best guess is the mid-80s
oConsiderable time had elapsed between the events and Matthews narration of them(27:8,28:15)oMust be later than Mark if Markan priority is accepted Circumstances of WritingoSpecifics unknown oChristianity was still very Jewish, struggling to define its identity within the JewishheritageChristianity emerging from Judaism and finding a separate identity oThis was in-housedebate within Judaism ex. Christian Jews vs Non-Christian JewsEarly Christianity was a Jewish phenomenon Matthew persuading no christian Jewso3 types:Non-Christian JewsChristian Jews (Jewish Christians)- debate in Matthew is between non chris-tian jews and christian jews (our community is the chosen ones)Non-Jewish Christians (Gentile Christians)Place of WritingoUnknownoAntioch a common guessKnown history of Jewish-Christian tensions thereMatthew is quoted there in the early 2ndcentury by a Christian writerReference to Syria in 4:24- Jesusreputation has spread to syria

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